Contact Tracing: Can ‘Big Tech’ Come to the Rescue, and at What Cost?

Contact Tracing: Can ‘Big Tech’ Come to the Rescue, and at What Cost?
Alastair Paterson
Read More From Alastair Paterson
May 11, 2020 | 13 Min Read

Co-authored by: Pratik Sinha MD PhD1,2, Alastair E Paterson3 M.Eng

With over 215,000 dead globally and with close to 26 million newly unemployed in America alone, COVID-19 has resulted in a unique amalgamative failure of economics, healthcare, and society. While pressure is mounting on politicians to restart the economy, the precise mechanism to resuming “normal” activity remains unknown.  That an effective vaccine is developed is far from certain and by most estimates would take 18 months to scale. 

The challenges to contact tracing at scale

Can mobile technology come to the rescue in the meantime and help us adapt to a ‘new normal’? 

Current public health consensus seems to align on the need to test, trace and isolate infected individuals with a stepwise repeal of lock-down measures. Policy-makers are, therefore, turning their attention towards how best to instigate such programs. The infrastructure for capacity to test and trace are woefully underdeveloped worldwide.  

In the US, it is estimated that 180,000 contact-tracers would be required and it is estimated only 0.5% of that number currently exist [1].  Scientists in the UK have put this number at 100,000 [10]. Moreover, contact tracing for infectious diseases has traditionally worked on the prior assumption of a slow spreading infection. Incumbent programs are not built for speed. [2]

Fortunately, this is where ‘Big Tech’ is seeking to provide some innovative solutions to address the unmet challenges of contact-tracing. A well-publicized example of this is the recently announced Apple and Google joint venture to develop a cross platform application programming interface (API) to enable contact tracing apps to use their mobile operating systems for this purpose. Several other organizations are simultaneously working on apps to facilitate contact tracing using a variety of platforms. Most of these apps propose using location data to identify contacts of infected patients.

These solutions, at first-glance seem ideal, however, they pose a significant risk to digital security and patient privacy. Outlined below are some of the most likely apps that will be used for contact tracing and the attendant threats they pose.

Contact Tracing: What are the proposed Apps and how do they work?

Broadly speaking there are four categories of apps being proposed as potential solutions for digital contact tracing (Table 1 at bottom). Technical specification aside, they vary from one another by the degree of invasiveness in terms of privacy and security. Self-reporting apps, such the one developed by King’s College, London require the user to voluntarily report their symptoms and contacts. Unfortunately, the veracity and velocity of the reporting severely limits its utility and these types of apps are going to be limited to research.

The more likely contenders are based on using smartphones’ location data or Bluetooth interactions to determine individual’s location. Critical decisions for developers of contact tracing apps is whether to publish the source code, i.e. they are ‘open source’, or keep it private and are ‘closed source’.

Closed source applications are generally considered higher risk since they cannot be so easily scrutinized for security flaws by third-parties. They have unknown privacy implications since the inner-workings of the apps will only be known to the developers and may collect un-consented data. A critical second decision that healthcare systems using such apps have to make is whether the framework on which the apps are built use a centralized system for data repository or use a de-centralized platform where most location data remains on individuals’ phones as proposed by the Google/Apple API.

Worryingly, many countries including China, Russia, The U.K., Norway and Vietnam are taking a closed source approach to developing their apps and using centralized frameworks.[3] The Pan-European Privacy-Preserving Proximity Tracing (PEPP-PT) is another closed source approach backed by at least seven European countries including France and Italy.

Further, the intention is to centralize data collection in a ‘trusted’ platform, which will likely come with associated privacy concerns since governments would potentially have access to citizen’s location data, the ‘social graph’ of all the other people they physically met, and any other data this framework chooses to store that the app is able to access from the phone.  If these databases are attacked by malicious third parties, that data could end up with criminals, the private sector, or other nation states.

Addressing the trade-off between health and privacy

The trade-off between security and privacy has always been a balancing act, especially in the post-911 and post-Snowden era as governments desire broader access to prevent terrorism, while civil liberties groups protest overreach into our private lives.

For many people, as Maslow’s Hierarchy would dictate, health comes first, but privacy advocates are understandably worried about how our location data is tracked and stored, who has access to it, and what happens to it when this is all over?

To give an example, the South Korean contact tracing laws permit the government to ascertain the immigration status of infected individuals. If other countries such as the US adopted the same approach, implications may be two-fold.

First, undocumented communities may not report their problems.

Second, it is not inconceivable, that over time the same technology and laws could be used to track undocumented migrants. Once a precedent is set, governments seldom trackback on the powers granted to them in times of crisis.  

Highlighting these concerns, the UK’s approach to app development has drawn criticism from over 200 UK scientists who wrote an open letter to the UK Government April 29th stating “it is vital that, when we come out of the current crisis, we have not created a tool that enables data collection on the population, or on targeted sections of society, for surveillance.”[4] In particular, there are worries that authoritarian and non-democratic leaders could use the crisis as an excuse to grab more power.

The lack of trust in these apps will carry huge implications in terms of efficacy of the intervention.

First, they may lead to a lack of uptake by the public.  To be effective, it is estimated that approximately 80% of smartphone users will need to use the app,[5] emphasizing the need for public trusts and buy-in for these apps.

Second, a lack of clarity and unanimous consensus of its utility may lead to a propagation of conspiracy theories and mistrust of the app. Governments need to have greater transparency and assurances before individuals will be willing to trust these apps. To that end, citing privacy concerns, Germany was originally part of the PEPP-PT initiative but has recently dropped out and is now pursuing an open-source approach called DP-3T (Decentralized Privacy-Preserving Proximity Tracing), a rival joint initiative backed by Austria, Estonia and Switzerland based on Apple/Google’s decentralized standard discussed below.

What is the Big Tech solution?

Apple-Google are pushing a decentralized model where data will be stored at the device level rather than centralized platforms.[6] Further, given Google Android and Apple iOS jointly possess almost 99% of the global smart phone operating systems market share, it seems likely that ultimately the Apple-Google approach will be hugely influential in how the majority of contact-tracing apps operate.

In a departure from their presumed indolence to data privacy, Big Tech companies are in this case advocating a more privacy-preserving decentralized model.  Paradoxically, the government of France is currently in dispute with Apple and Google asking them to weaken some of the privacy protections they have in place to help PEPP-PT implement a centralized tracking approach.[7] The resolution of this dispute will have widespread implications as it is likely to set the precedence for other countries.

Importantly, if countries do not use Apple/Google’s API they will not have access to some critical operating system functionality making the apps less effective. Singapore created their app before the API was available and this meant that iPhone users would need to keep the app running in the foreground with an unlocked phone to keep Bluetooth running.[8]  The consequent debilitating demands of battery power meant that only 17% of the population used the app.[9]

It is worth emphasizing that Apple or Google not supplying an app – it is incumbent on individual countries and regions to build an app on top of their API. Given that this API is the leading global standard it is worth studying it in greater granularity.

Rather than building a huge, centralized database of every user’s locations and giving it to governments to look up, most of the data stays on individual’s phone. Each phone broadcasts an identifier over Bluetooth at regular intervals and all phones will also record which other identifiers they can pick nearby. Each phone will keep changing their identifier making it difficult to track. However, once infected, all the individual’s identifiers generated by the phone in the preceding two weeks are released.

In theory, this approach is good for privacy, since no data about the individual is stored centrally about you unless you are infected. According to early proposals, it seems that Apple or Google will not get any additional data beyond what they already currently collect.  Conceptually, at first glance, the de-centralized and open-source approach appears encouraging and helps to balance access versus privacy effectively.

The crucial questions that need to be addressed

Regardless of the approach taken, the following critical factors must be considered:

  • Open source scrutiny: All apps should be open source and vetted by the security community.  Any other approach will lack trust with the public due to privacy and security concerns, slowing adoption and efficacy, and raising the risk of abuse by authorities and malicious third parties. It is unclear if local authorities and health services have in-house skills to develop these apps rapidly and securely, and any proposed app requires careful independent scrutiny.
  • Decentralized: A decentralized approach such as the one proposed by Apple-Google has the benefit of not storing location data in a central ‘trusted’ database that could be subject to abuse, data loss, and all the associated privacy risks.
  • Collaboration: It seems illogical that each country and region have their different approach to solving the same problem.  Pooling resources and testing robust, open-source software would likely expedite the implementation of these apps and allow external validation. Efforts like DP-3T seem like great examples of this.  In the US different states are forming individual policies, and for now, it is unclear if they will use the same apps.
  • Legal: Any new laws needed for storage of medical and location data should have sunset clauses and be revisited regularly and dismantled as soon as practical to do so, unlike the Patriot Act following 9/11 that is still active today. These new powers need to be used for their intended purpose only and only data relevant for COVID-19 contact tracing should be sent and stored.  If a centralized approach is taken, The California Consumer Privacy Act (CCPA) may become the default standard for the US, especially if the US apps are developed in Silicon Valley.  In Europe, GDPR will apply where, for example the use of contact tracing applications should be voluntary and based on proximity, not indiscriminate tracing of individuals’ movements.  Anonymisation of personal data is critical, and the purpose it is used for must be as stated, necessary, and proportionate.
  • Efficacy: Does the approach actually work?  The proposed technologies are currently unproven. For example, Bluetooth has limited precision, especially in environments like The London Underground or New York’s subway system.  Many apps are expected to poll once every 5 minutes which would be too slow for many purposes like this. It must be rapidly tested and validated before mass roll-out.
  • Uptake: In Singapore, uptake is said to be less than 20% currently. Governments will have to work hard to convince people to do so, which is again why privacy and security must be clearly guarded and communicated as part of a broader public information and health campaign. These apps must remain voluntary, and fortunately Apple and Google have said they will not allow the apps to be made mandatory out of privacy concerns.

Technology may not be the whole answer here, however, when applied thoughtfully, it may play a key part in reviving the economy and restoring livelihoods in this pandemic. It may be that in the age of COVID-19, it is Big Tech that may offer the best solutions that safeguard both our privacy and our health.

References

  1. Simmons-Duffin S. We Asked All 50 States About Their Contact Tracing Capacity. Here’s What We Learned. NPR Apr 28, 2020. https://www.npr.org/sections/health-shots/2020/04/28/846736937/we-asked-all-50-states-about-their-contact-tracing-capacity-heres-what-we-learne
  2. Kates G. Contact tracing for coronavirus: How it works and why it could be so difficult. CBS Apr 15, 2020. https://www.cbsnews.com/news/contact-tracing-for-coronavirus-how-it-works-and-why-it-could-be-difficult/
  3. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/COVID-19_apps
  4. Albrecht M, Aparicio-Navarro F, Arief B, et al. Joint statement of U.K. scientist working in the field of privacy and security. 29 April 2020. (https://drive.google.com/file/d/1uB4LcQHMVP-oLzIIHA9SjKj1uMd3erGu/view)
  5. Hinch R, Probert W, Nurtay A, et al. Effective configuration of Digital Contact Tracing App: A report to NHSX. 16 April 2020 https://045.medsci.ox.ac.uk/files/files/report-effective-app-configurations.pdf.
  6. Privacy-preserving contact tracing. April 2020. (https://www.apple.com/covid19/contacttracing)
  7. Hern A. France urges Apple and Google to ease privacy rules on contact tracing. Guardian 21 April 2020. https://www.theguardian.com/world/2020/apr/21/france-apple-google-privacy-contact-tracing-coronavirus
  8. Holmes A. Singapore is using a high-tech surveillance app to track the coronavirus, keeping schools and businesses open. Here’s how it works. Business Insider 24 March 2020. https://www.businessinsider.com/singapore-coronavirus-app-tracking-testing-no-shutdown-how-it-works-2020-3
  9. Vaughan A. There are many reasons why covid-19 contact-tracing apps may not work. New Scientist 17 April 2020. (https://www.newscientist.com/article/2241041-there-are-many-reasons-why-covid-19-contact-tracing-apps-may-not-work/#ixzz6LJV3kf8y
  10. Lizzie Roberts Contact tracing: how has it worked for other countries, and could it really help ease UK lockdown? (https://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/0/contact-tracing-uk-lockdown/)

Table

TypeExampleAuto-location detectionBased on Apple/Google APICentralized DatabaseNotes
Self Reporting AppsKings College-backed ‘C-19 COVID Symptom Tracker’, Healthcast, ZeroBaseNoNoYesWhile they may provide useful research data and indicators if adopted widely, they are unlikely to be useful for contact tracing since they cannot automatically identify who the reporters have been in contact with or the veracity of their claims. 
Custom-Built Closed-Source Location Tracking Apps and FrameworksNorway, Russia, Vietnam, China, UK PEPP-PT (7 EU countries including France, Italy)YesNoYesLack of published, scrutinized source code increases risk of security flaws or hidden surveillance.  Centralized database is at risk of attack and data breaches.  Not using Apple/Google API may cause battery life and other efficacy issues.
Open Source Apps & Frameworks
(not using Google/Apple API)
BlueTrace/OpenTrace
(Singapore TraceTogether, Australia COVID-19 Safe).
TCN Protocol, Israel

YesNoYesPublished source code enhances security and trust, but centralized database may be open to attack and data breaches.  Not using Apple/Google API may cause battery life and other efficacy issues.
Apps Using Google/Apple APIDP-3T (Germany, Austria, Estonia, Netherlands), CaliforniaYesYesNoUsing Google/Apple API is the only way to use native operating system functionality which is lighter on battery use and better for location tracking.  Lack of centralized database is good for privacy, but limits data deemed necessary by France and other countries’ Governments.

PEPP-PT = Privacy-Preserving Proximity Tracing, API = Application Programming Interface, TCN = Temporary Contact Numbers,

DP-3T = Decentralized Privacy-Preserving Proximity Tracing

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  If you’ve seen HBO’s Silicon...
Red Team Blues: A 10 step security program for Windows Active Directory environments

Red Team Blues: A 10 step security program for Windows Active Directory environments

February 6, 2020 | 9 Min Read

  A fun tweet crossed our path recently,...
How to Operationalize Threat Intelligence: Actionability and Context

How to Operationalize Threat Intelligence: Actionability and Context

February 5, 2020 | 5 Min Read

  In 1988 the idea of a Computer...
ShadowTalk Update – SANS CTI Summit, Snake Ransomware, CacheOut, and Citrix Vuln Update

ShadowTalk Update – SANS CTI Summit, Snake Ransomware, CacheOut, and Citrix Vuln Update

February 3, 2020 | 3 Min Read

Rick Holland jumps in to kick-off this...
Cyber Threat Intelligence Frameworks: 5 Rules for Integrating These Frameworks

Cyber Threat Intelligence Frameworks: 5 Rules for Integrating These Frameworks

January 29, 2020 | 7 Min Read

  As the cyber threat intelligence (CTI)...
SANS Cyber Threat Intelligence Summit 2020: A Recap

SANS Cyber Threat Intelligence Summit 2020: A Recap

January 28, 2020 | 9 Min Read

  Last week I attended the eighth annual...
Inside Digital Shadows: Davitt Potter Joins as Director of MSSP and Channels in the Americas

Inside Digital Shadows: Davitt Potter Joins as Director of MSSP and Channels in the Americas

January 22, 2020 | 5 Min Read

  I’ve spent over 25 years now in the...
ShadowTalk Update – NSA Vulnerability Disclosure, Ransomware News, and Iran Updates

ShadowTalk Update – NSA Vulnerability Disclosure, Ransomware News, and Iran Updates

January 20, 2020 | 3 Min Read

Kacey, Charles, Alex, and Harrison host...
Third Party Risk: 4 ways to manage your security ecosystem

Third Party Risk: 4 ways to manage your security ecosystem

January 16, 2020 | 5 Min Read

  The digital economy has multiplied the...
NSA Vulnerability Disclosure: Pros and Cons

NSA Vulnerability Disclosure: Pros and Cons

January 15, 2020 | 5 Min Read

  On Monday, January 13th, Brian Krebs...
CVE-2019-19781: Analyzing the Exploit

CVE-2019-19781: Analyzing the Exploit

January 14, 2020 | 4 Min Read

  On December 17th 2019, CVE-2019-19781...
Iran and the United States – start of the long war or return to normal?

Iran and the United States – start of the long war or return to normal?

January 13, 2020 | 9 Min Read

  On 03 Jan 2020, the United States...
Iranian APT Groups’ Tradecraft Styles: Using Mitre ATT&CK™ and the ASD Essential 8

Iranian APT Groups’ Tradecraft Styles: Using Mitre ATT&CK™ and the ASD Essential 8

January 7, 2020 | 6 Min Read

  With the recent news of Qasem Soleimani...
Iran and Soleimani: Monitoring the Situation

Iran and Soleimani: Monitoring the Situation

January 7, 2020 | 9 Min Read

*This blog has been updated as of Jan 9,...
Iranian Cyber Threats: Practical Advice for Security Professionals

Iranian Cyber Threats: Practical Advice for Security Professionals

January 6, 2020 | 8 Min Read

Unless you went very dark for an extended holiday...
Top Security Blogs of 2019 from Digital Shadows

Top Security Blogs of 2019 from Digital Shadows

December 20, 2019 | 4 Min Read

  As we approach the end of 2019, we...
2020 Cybersecurity Forecasts: 5 trends and predictions for the new year

2020 Cybersecurity Forecasts: 5 trends and predictions for the new year

December 18, 2019 | 10 Min Read

  If all the holiday fuss isn’t...
Threat Intelligence: A Deep Dive

Threat Intelligence: A Deep Dive

December 12, 2019 | 21 Min Read

Welcome to our deep dive on threat intelligence:...
A Threat Intelligence Analyst’s Guide to Today’s Sources of Bias

A Threat Intelligence Analyst’s Guide to Today’s Sources of Bias

December 5, 2019 | 9 Min Read

  In an industry prone to going overboard...
ShadowTalk Update – RIPlace, Trickbot, and Russian-language forum Probiv

ShadowTalk Update – RIPlace, Trickbot, and Russian-language forum Probiv

December 2, 2019 | 3 Min Read

No ShadowTalk podcast episode this week, but...
Asset Inventory Management: Difficult But Essential

Asset Inventory Management: Difficult But Essential

November 27, 2019 | 4 Min Read

  If it’s one thing that most security...
ShadowTalk Update – Black Friday Deals on the Dark Web, Phineas Fisher Manifesto, and DarkMarket

ShadowTalk Update – Black Friday Deals on the Dark Web, Phineas Fisher Manifesto, and DarkMarket

November 25, 2019 | 3 Min Read

Adam Cook and Viktoria Austin talk through the...
BSidesDFW 2019: OSINT Workshop Recap

BSidesDFW 2019: OSINT Workshop Recap

November 18, 2019 | 5 Min Read

  A few Saturdays ago, we had the...
ShadowTalk Update – BSidesDFW Recap, Dynamic CVV Analysis, and the Facebook Camera Bug

ShadowTalk Update – BSidesDFW Recap, Dynamic CVV Analysis, and the Facebook Camera Bug

November 18, 2019 | 3 Min Read

Dallas is sound effects and all this week with...
Dynamic CVVs: 2FA 2Furious

Dynamic CVVs: 2FA 2Furious

November 12, 2019 | 5 Min Read

  The security community is quick to...
ShadowTalk Update – BlueKeep Attacks, Megacortex Ransomware, and Web.com Breach

ShadowTalk Update – BlueKeep Attacks, Megacortex Ransomware, and Web.com Breach

November 11, 2019 | 3 Min Read

This week the London team looks at the following...
Combatting Domain-Centric Fraud: Why Mimecast is partnering with Digital Shadows

Combatting Domain-Centric Fraud: Why Mimecast is partnering with Digital Shadows

November 7, 2019 | 3 Min Read

This is a guest blog, authored by Matthew...
ShadowTalk Update – Avast Breach Attempt, NordVPN Breach, and Wifi Security Risks

ShadowTalk Update – Avast Breach Attempt, NordVPN Breach, and Wifi Security Risks

November 4, 2019 | 4 Min Read

Adam Cook, Philip Doherty, and Viktoria Austin...
Understanding the Different Cybercriminal Platforms: AVCs, Marketplaces, and Forums

Understanding the Different Cybercriminal Platforms: AVCs, Marketplaces, and Forums

October 31, 2019 | 6 Min Read

  With the recent breach that targeted...
Cybercriminal credit card stores: Is Brian out of the club?

Cybercriminal credit card stores: Is Brian out of the club?

October 31, 2019 | 8 Min Read

  If you’re an avid follower of Digital...
Your Cyber Security Career – Press start to begin

Your Cyber Security Career – Press start to begin

October 30, 2019 | 13 Min Read

  October was Cyber Security Awareness...
Australia Cyber Threat Landscape report (H1 2019)

Australia Cyber Threat Landscape report (H1 2019)

October 29, 2019 | 5 Min Read

Depending on where you are in the world, October...
ShadowTalk Update – Avast Breach Attempt, NordVPN Breach, and Wifi Security Risks

ShadowTalk Update – Avast Breach Attempt, NordVPN Breach, and Wifi Security Risks

October 25, 2019 | 3 Min Read

We’ve got all 3 ShadowTalk hosts in Dallas this...
WiFi Security: Dispelling myths of using public networks

WiFi Security: Dispelling myths of using public networks

October 23, 2019 | 9 Min Read

We have all seen many articles, blogs, endless...
Japan Cyber Threat Landscape report (H1 2019)

Japan Cyber Threat Landscape report (H1 2019)

October 22, 2019 | 5 Min Read

Japan: currently the host of the multi-national...
ShadowTalk Update – Typosquatting and the 2020 U.S. Election, Honeypots, And Sudo Vulnerability

ShadowTalk Update – Typosquatting and the 2020 U.S. Election, Honeypots, And Sudo Vulnerability

October 18, 2019 | 3 Min Read

Kacey, Charles, Harrison, and Alex kick off this...
Honeypots: Tracking Attacks Against Misconfigured or Exposed Services

Honeypots: Tracking Attacks Against Misconfigured or Exposed Services

October 17, 2019 | 9 Min Read

Honeypots can be useful tools for gathering...
Typosquatting and the 2020 U.S. Presidential election: Cyberspace as the new political battleground

Typosquatting and the 2020 U.S. Presidential election: Cyberspace as the new political battleground

October 16, 2019 | 15 Min Read

Typosquatting. It’s a phrase most of us know in...
ShadowTalk Update – Iran-linked APT35, Skimming by Magecart 4, Rancour, and Emotet Resurgence

ShadowTalk Update – Iran-linked APT35, Skimming by Magecart 4, Rancour, and Emotet Resurgence

October 11, 2019 | 3 Min Read

We’re back in London this week! Viktoria chats...
ANU Breach Report: Mapping to Mitre ATT&CK Framework

ANU Breach Report: Mapping to Mitre ATT&CK Framework

October 11, 2019 | 14 Min Read

Introduction This week, the Australian National...
Top Threat Intelligence Podcasts to Add to Your Playlist

Top Threat Intelligence Podcasts to Add to Your Playlist

October 3, 2019 | 4 Min Read

Looking for some new threat intelligence podcasts...
Domain Squatting: The Phisher-man’s Friend

Domain Squatting: The Phisher-man’s Friend

October 1, 2019 | 8 Min Read

In the past we have talked about the internal...
ShadowTalk Update – Tortoiseshell Targets IT Providers, the Tyurin Indictment, and Emotet’s Return

ShadowTalk Update – Tortoiseshell Targets IT Providers, the Tyurin Indictment, and Emotet’s Return

September 27, 2019 | 4 Min Read

Viktoria hosts this week’s episode in London...
Singapore Cyber Threat Landscape report (H1 2019)

Singapore Cyber Threat Landscape report (H1 2019)

September 26, 2019 | 7 Min Read

Despite being the second smallest country in...
Mapping the Tyurin Indictment to the Mitre ATT&CK™ framework

Mapping the Tyurin Indictment to the Mitre ATT&CK™ framework

September 25, 2019 | 7 Min Read

Between 2012 to mid-2015, U.S. financial...
Nemty Ransomware: Slow and Steady Wins the Race?

Nemty Ransomware: Slow and Steady Wins the Race?

September 19, 2019 | 3 Min Read

As we outlined recently, ransomware is a key...
NCSC Cyber Threat Trends Report: Analysis of Attacks Across UK Industries

NCSC Cyber Threat Trends Report: Analysis of Attacks Across UK Industries

September 18, 2019 | 7 Min Read

The United Kingdom’s National Cyber Security...
Mapping the NIST Cybersecurity Framework to SearchLight: Eating our own BBQ

Mapping the NIST Cybersecurity Framework to SearchLight: Eating our own BBQ

September 10, 2019 | 2 Min Read

Back in February, I wrote about how we avoid the...
ShadowTalk Update – Ryuk Ransomware, Twitter rids SMS tweets, and Facebook Records Exposed

ShadowTalk Update – Ryuk Ransomware, Twitter rids SMS tweets, and Facebook Records Exposed

September 9, 2019 | 3 Min Read

Alex, Alec, and Harrison are in the room today...
Emotet Returns: How To Track Its Updates

Emotet Returns: How To Track Its Updates

August 26, 2019 | 5 Min Read

What is Emotet? Emotet started life as a banking...
ShadowTalk Update – Texas Ransomware Outbreaks and Phishing Attacks Using Custom 404 pages

ShadowTalk Update – Texas Ransomware Outbreaks and Phishing Attacks Using Custom 404 pages

August 23, 2019 | 3 Min Read

Charles Ragland (a brand new ShadowTalk-er!) and...
The Nouns of Black Hat: People, Places, and Things From Summer Camp 2019

The Nouns of Black Hat: People, Places, and Things From Summer Camp 2019

August 19, 2019 | 6 Min Read

Black Hat and DEFCON are a wrap! Digital Shadows...
Black Hat and DEFCON 2019 – Some of our Favorite Sessions

Black Hat and DEFCON 2019 – Some of our Favorite Sessions

August 19, 2019 | 9 Min Read

The team were fortunate to go to Black Hat and...
Recon Village: Panning for gold

Recon Village: Panning for gold

August 1, 2019 | 7 Min Read

Richard will be presenting ‘Asset Discovery:...
The Account Takeover Kill Chain: A Five Step Analysis

The Account Takeover Kill Chain: A Five Step Analysis

July 30, 2019 | 17 Min Read

It’s no secret that credential exposure is a...
ShadowTalk Update – More BlueKeep updates, FSB contractor hacked, and the Enigma Market

ShadowTalk Update – More BlueKeep updates, FSB contractor hacked, and the Enigma Market

July 29, 2019 | 3 Min Read

Christian and Travis sit down with Harrison to...
Surviving and Thriving at Blackhat and DEF CON Summer Camp 2019

Surviving and Thriving at Blackhat and DEF CON Summer Camp 2019

July 24, 2019 | 4 Min Read

With BSides, Black Hat and DEF CON (aka Security...
Harnessing Exposed Data to Enhance Cyber Intelligence

Harnessing Exposed Data to Enhance Cyber Intelligence

July 11, 2019 | 7 Min Read

  An illicit and lucrative trade has...
Welcoming NAB Ventures & Scaling SearchLight for Growth

Welcoming NAB Ventures & Scaling SearchLight for Growth

July 9, 2019 | 2 Min Read

Today is an exciting day for Digital Shadows....
Managing Digital Risk: 4 Steps to Take

Managing Digital Risk: 4 Steps to Take

June 18, 2019 | 9 Min Read

Organizations are finding it increasingly...
ShadowTalk Update – XMRig Cryptocurrency Mining, FIN8 Backdoor, and Attacks Against Office 365

ShadowTalk Update – XMRig Cryptocurrency Mining, FIN8 Backdoor, and Attacks Against Office 365

June 17, 2019 | 3 Min Read

This week Harrison is joined by Travis and Alec...
Managing Infosec Burnout: The Hidden Perpetrator

Managing Infosec Burnout: The Hidden Perpetrator

June 10, 2019 | 8 Min Read

The secret of the burnout epidemic lies in how we...
BlueKeep: Cutting through the hype to prepare your organization

BlueKeep: Cutting through the hype to prepare your organization

May 24, 2019 | 8 Min Read

Over the last week we have all been tuning into...
Partnering with SecureLink to help organizations minimize their digital risk

Partnering with SecureLink to help organizations minimize their digital risk

May 15, 2019 | 3 Min Read

Today we announced that SecureLink, one of...
Mapping Iran’s Rana Institute to MITRE Pre-ATT&CK™ and ATT&CK™

Mapping Iran’s Rana Institute to MITRE Pre-ATT&CK™ and ATT&CK™

May 15, 2019 | 15 Min Read

The internet has been aflame with discussions...
Cyber Talent Gap: How to Do More With Less

Cyber Talent Gap: How to Do More With Less

May 14, 2019 | 5 Min Read

The challenge facing us today is twofold: not...
ShadowTalk Update – 5.06.19

ShadowTalk Update – 5.06.19

May 13, 2019 | 4 Min Read

Kacey and Alex join HVR this week to talk through...
Enabling Soi Dog’s Digital Transformation: A Case Study

Enabling Soi Dog’s Digital Transformation: A Case Study

May 8, 2019 | 3 Min Read

At the beginning of this year I was introduced to...
Announcing Digital Shadows’ ISO27001 certification

Announcing Digital Shadows’ ISO27001 certification

May 7, 2019 | 2 Min Read

I'm pleased to announce that Digital Shadows has...
ShadowTalk Update – 5.06.19

ShadowTalk Update – 5.06.19

May 6, 2019 | 3 Min Read

Phil and newcomer Benjamin Newman join Harrison...
ShadowTalk Update – 4.29.19

ShadowTalk Update – 4.29.19

April 29, 2019 | 3 Min Read

Jamie and Alex are back with Harrison this week...
ShadowTalk Update – 4.22.19

ShadowTalk Update – 4.22.19

April 22, 2019 | 3 Min Read

This week the team discusses an unidentified...
ShadowTalk Update – 4.15.19

ShadowTalk Update – 4.15.19

April 15, 2019 | 4 Min Read

Christian and Jamie join Harrison for another...
Reducing your attack surface

Reducing your attack surface

April 9, 2019 | 4 Min Read

What is an attack surface According to OWASP, an...
ShadowTalk Update – 4.8.19

ShadowTalk Update – 4.8.19

April 8, 2019 | 3 Min Read

Jamie, Alex and Zuko sit down with Harrison to...
Predator: Modeling the attacker’s mindset

Predator: Modeling the attacker’s mindset

April 2, 2019 | 6 Min Read

Author: Richard Gold  The phrases...
Making Some Noise in the Channel

Making Some Noise in the Channel

April 1, 2019 | 3 Min Read

Digital Shadows Channel REV Partner Program...
ShadowTalk Update – 4.1.19

ShadowTalk Update – 4.1.19

March 29, 2019 | 3 Min Read

Christian and Jamie sit down with Harrison to...
ShadowTalk Update – 3.25.19

ShadowTalk Update – 3.25.19

March 25, 2019 | 4 Min Read

Harrison chats with Jamie and Alex this week on...
ShadowTalk Update – 3.18.19

ShadowTalk Update – 3.18.19

March 18, 2019 | 3 Min Read

Harrison sits down with Rose and Christian for a...
ShadowTalk Update – 3.11.19

ShadowTalk Update – 3.11.19

March 11, 2019 | 3 Min Read

This week Jamie and Alex join Harrison to look at...
Purple Teaming with Vectr, Cobalt Strike, and MITRE ATT&CK™

Purple Teaming with Vectr, Cobalt Strike, and MITRE ATT&CK™

March 6, 2019 | 7 Min Read

Authors: Simon Hall, Isidoros...
ShadowTalk Update – 3.04.19

ShadowTalk Update – 3.04.19

March 4, 2019 | 4 Min Read

This week Rose and Phil join Harrison to discuss...
SamSam But Different: MITRE ATT&CK and the SamSam Group Indictment

SamSam But Different: MITRE ATT&CK and the SamSam Group Indictment

February 26, 2019 | 16 Min Read

In our latest research report, A Tale of Epic...
ShadowTalk Update – 2.25.19

ShadowTalk Update – 2.25.19

February 25, 2019 | 4 Min Read

This week, Phil and Alex join Harrison to discuss...
Six Steps for Security Professionals to make the most out of the RSA Conference

Six Steps for Security Professionals to make the most out of the RSA Conference

February 20, 2019 | 4 Min Read

This year’s RSA Conference is March 4th-7th in...
ShadowTalk Update – 2.18.19

ShadowTalk Update – 2.18.19

February 19, 2019 | 3 Min Read

Alex and Jamie matched with Harrison in this...
Photon Research Team Shines Light On Digital Risks

Photon Research Team Shines Light On Digital Risks

February 13, 2019 | 2 Min Read

I’m very excited to announce the launch of the...
Introducing Our Practical Guide to Reducing Digital Risk

Introducing Our Practical Guide to Reducing Digital Risk

February 12, 2019 | 5 Min Read

Download a copy of A Practical Guide to Reducing...
ShadowTalk Update – 2.11.19

ShadowTalk Update – 2.11.19

February 8, 2019 | 3 Min Read

Alex and Jamie join Harrison to discuss how the...
Understanding Digital Risk Protection

Understanding Digital Risk Protection

February 8, 2019 | 3 Min Read

There has been a lot of talk recently about...
CISO Spotlight: Security Goals and Objectives for 2019

CISO Spotlight: Security Goals and Objectives for 2019

February 7, 2019 | 6 Min Read

I recently joined our ShadowTalk podcast to...
You’ve got a digital strategy, but how are you managing digital risks?

You’ve got a digital strategy, but how are you managing digital risks?

February 7, 2019 | 3 Min Read

Download a free copy of Digital Risk: The...
Joining The Market Leader in Digital Risk Protection

Joining The Market Leader in Digital Risk Protection

February 6, 2019 | 3 Min Read

Our marketing department asked me to write a blog...
SANS DFIR Cyber Threat Intelligence Summit 2019 – Extracting More Value from Your CTI Program

SANS DFIR Cyber Threat Intelligence Summit 2019 – Extracting More Value from Your CTI Program

February 5, 2019 | 7 Min Read

We were fortunate to attend the 2019 SANS DFIR...
ShadowTalk Update – 2.4.19

ShadowTalk Update – 2.4.19

February 4, 2019 | 4 Min Read

This week, Alex Guirakhoo and Jamie Collier join...
ShadowTalk Update – 1.28.19

ShadowTalk Update – 1.28.19

January 26, 2019 | 3 Min Read

This week Rose, Jamie, and Alex talk with...
ShadowTalk Update – 1.21.19

ShadowTalk Update – 1.21.19

January 19, 2019 | 3 Min Read

This week, Alex Guirakhoo and Philip Doherty join...
Don’t Just Read Intelligence: Learn From It

Don’t Just Read Intelligence: Learn From It

January 17, 2019 | 5 Min Read

The Importance of Learning in Cyber...
ShadowTalk Update – 1.14.19

ShadowTalk Update – 1.14.19

January 14, 2019 | 3 Min Read

We’ve just released our first Weekly...
Security Analyst Spotlight Series: Phil Doherty

Security Analyst Spotlight Series: Phil Doherty

January 10, 2019 | 5 Min Read

Organizations rely on Digital Shadows to be an...
Four New Year Cyber Security Resolutions

Four New Year Cyber Security Resolutions

January 3, 2019 | 8 Min Read

Another year is upon us in the world of...
The Most Popular Security Blog Topics of 2018

The Most Popular Security Blog Topics of 2018

December 18, 2018 | 3 Min Read

It’s been a busy year on the Digital Shadows...
ShadowTalk Update – 17.10.2018

ShadowTalk Update – 17.10.2018

December 17, 2018 | 3 Min Read

Following from our recent research, Tackling...
Tackling Phishing: The Most Popular Phishing Techniques and What You Can Do About It

Tackling Phishing: The Most Popular Phishing Techniques and What You Can Do About It

December 12, 2018 | 8 Min Read

Overall, the infosec community has done a...
Digital Shadows New Integration for Splunk

Digital Shadows New Integration for Splunk

December 10, 2018 | 3 Min Read

Today we announced the release of an updated...
ShadowTalk Update – 12.10.2018

ShadowTalk Update – 12.10.2018

December 10, 2018 | 3 Min Read

In this week's ShadowTalk, Rick Holland and...
Using Shadow Search to Power Investigations: Sextortion Campaigns

Using Shadow Search to Power Investigations: Sextortion Campaigns

December 6, 2018 | 3 Min Read

We recently wrote about sextortion campaigns and...
2019 Cyber Security Forecasts: Six Things on the Horizon

2019 Cyber Security Forecasts: Six Things on the Horizon

December 5, 2018 | 9 Min Read

The new year is upon us! 2018 brought us Spectre...
ShadowTalk Update – 12.03.2018

ShadowTalk Update – 12.03.2018

December 3, 2018 | 3 Min Read

Michael Marriott, Dr Richard Gold and Simon Hall...
Threat Actors Use of Cobalt Strike: Why Defense is Offense’s Child

Threat Actors Use of Cobalt Strike: Why Defense is Offense’s Child

November 29, 2018 | 5 Min Read

I’m a big fan of the Cobalt Strike threat...
Mapping the ASD Essential 8 to the Mitre ATT&CK™ framework

Mapping the ASD Essential 8 to the Mitre ATT&CK™ framework

November 27, 2018 | 3 Min Read

Australian Signals Directorate Essential 8 The...
ShadowTalk Update – 11.26.2018

ShadowTalk Update – 11.26.2018

November 26, 2018 | 3 Min Read

With Black Friday kicking off the holiday...
ShadowTalk Update – 11.19.2018

ShadowTalk Update – 11.19.2018

November 19, 2018 | 2 Min Read

Leaked court documents surfaced this week...
A Look Back at the ENISA Cyber Threat Intelligence-EU Workshop 2018

A Look Back at the ENISA Cyber Threat Intelligence-EU Workshop 2018

November 13, 2018 | 5 Min Read

I recently attended the ENISA (European Union...
ShadowTalk Update – 11.12.2018

ShadowTalk Update – 11.12.2018

November 12, 2018 | 2 Min Read

In this week's ShadowTalk, we discuss the big...
Security Analyst Spotlight Series: Adam Cook

Security Analyst Spotlight Series: Adam Cook

November 7, 2018 | 6 Min Read

Organizations rely on our cyber intelligence...
ShadowTalk Update – 11.05.2018

ShadowTalk Update – 11.05.2018

November 5, 2018 | 3 Min Read

In November 2016, Tesco Bank suffered a series of...
ShadowTalk Update – 10.29.2018

ShadowTalk Update – 10.29.2018

October 29, 2018 | 3 Min Read

In this week's ShadowTalk, Harrison Van Riper and...
Cyber Security Awareness Month: Week 4 – Privacy

Cyber Security Awareness Month: Week 4 – Privacy

October 25, 2018 | 6 Min Read

This week in Brussels, Apple’s chief executive...
ShadowTalk Update – 10.22.2018

ShadowTalk Update – 10.22.2018

October 22, 2018 | 3 Min Read

In this week's ShadowTalk, following on from last...
Cyber Security Awareness Month: Week 3 – Recognize Cyber Scams

Cyber Security Awareness Month: Week 3 – Recognize Cyber Scams

October 19, 2018 | 7 Min Read

This week we move onto theme three of Cyber...
Cyber Security Awareness Month: Week 3 – It’s Everyone’s Job to Ensure Online Safety at Work

Cyber Security Awareness Month: Week 3 – It’s Everyone’s Job to Ensure Online Safety at Work

October 17, 2018 | 7 Min Read

This week, National Cyber Security Awareness...
ShadowTalk Update – 10.15.2018

ShadowTalk Update – 10.15.2018

October 15, 2018 | 3 Min Read

In ShadowTalk this week, Digital Shadows' CISO...
Cyber Security Awareness Month: Week 2 – Aiming for Apprenticeships

Cyber Security Awareness Month: Week 2 – Aiming for Apprenticeships

October 11, 2018 | 5 Min Read

This week’s theme for National Cyber Security...
ShadowTalk Update – 10.08.2018

ShadowTalk Update – 10.08.2018

October 8, 2018 | 3 Min Read

In this week’s Shadow Talk, Rafael Amado joins...
Cyber Security Awareness Month: Week 1 – Credential Hygiene

Cyber Security Awareness Month: Week 1 – Credential Hygiene

October 3, 2018 | 5 Min Read

It’s the opening week of the annual National...
Security Analyst Spotlight Series: Christian Rencken

Security Analyst Spotlight Series: Christian Rencken

October 2, 2018 | 5 Min Read

Organizations rely on our cyber intelligence...
ShadowTalk Update – 10.01.2018

ShadowTalk Update – 10.01.2018

October 1, 2018 | 3 Min Read

Rick Holland, CISO of Digital Shadows, joins...
10 Things You Didn’t Know You Could Do with Shadow Search™

10 Things You Didn’t Know You Could Do with Shadow Search™

September 25, 2018 | 5 Min Read

You may have seen that we’ve recently released...
ShadowTalk Update – 09.24.2018

ShadowTalk Update – 09.24.2018

September 24, 2018 | 3 Min Read

In ShadowTalk this week, Richard Gold, Simon Hall...
The 2017 FSB indictment and Mitre ATT&CK™

The 2017 FSB indictment and Mitre ATT&CK™

September 20, 2018 | 11 Min Read

On  February 28th, 2017 the US Department of...
Non-traditional State Actors: New Kids on the Block

Non-traditional State Actors: New Kids on the Block

September 18, 2018 | 5 Min Read

Cyber threat reporting sits at a dichotomy. On...
ShadowTalk Update – 09.17.2018

ShadowTalk Update – 09.17.2018

September 17, 2018 | 2 Min Read

In this week’s ShadowTalk, Richard Gold and...
MITRE ATT&CK™ and the North Korean Regime-Backed Programmer

MITRE ATT&CK™ and the North Korean Regime-Backed Programmer

September 13, 2018 | 18 Min Read

On 6th September the US Department of Justice...
ShadowTalk Update – 09.10.2018

ShadowTalk Update – 09.10.2018

September 10, 2018 | 3 Min Read

In this week’s ShadowTalk, Richard Gold and...
ShadowTalk Update – 09.03.2018

ShadowTalk Update – 09.03.2018

September 3, 2018 | 3 Min Read

Not a week goes by without an example where...
Security Analyst Spotlight Series: Heather Farnsworth

Security Analyst Spotlight Series: Heather Farnsworth

August 30, 2018 | 5 Min Read

Organizations rely on Digital Shadows to be an...
Understanding Threat Modelling

Understanding Threat Modelling

August 29, 2018 | 4 Min Read

What is a threat model? Threat modelling, as...
ShadowTalk Update – 08.27.2018

ShadowTalk Update – 08.27.2018

August 27, 2018 | 3 Min Read

With November’s U.S. midterm elections...
Mitre ATT&CK™ and the FIN7 Indictment: Lessons for Organizations

Mitre ATT&CK™ and the FIN7 Indictment: Lessons for Organizations

August 22, 2018 | 12 Min Read

On August 1, 2018, the US Department of Justice...
ShadowTalk Update – 08.20.2018

ShadowTalk Update – 08.20.2018

August 20, 2018 | 3 Min Read

In this week’s ShadowTalk, we dig into ATM...
ShadowTalk Update – 08.13.2018

ShadowTalk Update – 08.13.2018

August 13, 2018 | 3 Min Read

In this week’s ShadowTalk it's all things...
ShadowTalk Update – 08.06.2018

ShadowTalk Update – 08.06.2018

August 6, 2018 | 2 Min Read

In this week’s episode, JP Perez-Etchegoyen,...
Diversity of Thoughts in the Workplace: Are You Thinking What I’m Thinking?

Diversity of Thoughts in the Workplace: Are You Thinking What I’m Thinking?

August 1, 2018 | 3 Min Read

In my most recent blog post I discussed Digital...
Security Spotlight Series: Dr. Richard Gold

Security Spotlight Series: Dr. Richard Gold

July 31, 2018 | 4 Min Read

Organizations rely on Digital Shadows to be an...
ShadowTalk Update – 07.30.2018

ShadowTalk Update – 07.30.2018

July 30, 2018 | 3 Min Read

Richard Gold and Rose Bernard join Michael...
Black Hat USA 2018

Black Hat USA 2018

July 26, 2018 | 2 Min Read

Black Hat USA 2018 is quickly approaching! The...
Cyber Threats to ERP Applications: Threat Landscape

Cyber Threats to ERP Applications: Threat Landscape

July 24, 2018 | 4 Min Read

What are ERP Applications? Organizations rely on...
ShadowTalk Update – 07.23.2018

ShadowTalk Update – 07.23.2018

July 23, 2018 | 3 Min Read

In this week's ShadowTalk, we discuss the Robert...
Mitre ATT&CK™ and the Mueller GRU Indictment: Lessons for Organizations

Mitre ATT&CK™ and the Mueller GRU Indictment: Lessons for Organizations

July 17, 2018 | 10 Min Read

A recent indictment revealed how the GRU...

Digital Risk Protection: Avoid Blind Spots with a More Complete Risk Picture

July 17, 2018 | 5 Min Read

“Digital Shadows leads the pack for digital...
ShadowTalk Update – 07.16.2018

ShadowTalk Update – 07.16.2018

July 16, 2018 | 2 Min Read

In this week's ShadowTalk, Digital Shadows’...
Security Analyst Spotlight Series: Harrison Van Riper

Security Analyst Spotlight Series: Harrison Van Riper

July 10, 2018 | 6 Min Read

Organizations rely on our cyber intelligence...
ShadowTalk Update – 07.09.2018

ShadowTalk Update – 07.09.2018

July 9, 2018 | 3 Min Read

In this week’s ShadowTalk, Richard Gold and...
Reducing Your Attack Surface: From a Firehose to a Straw

Reducing Your Attack Surface: From a Firehose to a Straw

July 5, 2018 | 6 Min Read

What is Attack Surface Reduction? Attack Surface...
ShadowTalk Update – 07.02.2018

ShadowTalk Update – 07.02.2018

July 2, 2018 | 3 Min Read

In this week's ShadowTalk, following news that a...
Diversity and Digital Shadows Women’s Network

Diversity and Digital Shadows Women’s Network

June 26, 2018 | 3 Min Read

If you haven’t already watched RBG - a movie...
ShadowTalk Update – 06.25.2018

ShadowTalk Update – 06.25.2018

June 25, 2018 | 3 Min Read

In this week’s ShadowTalk, Simon Hall and...
ShadowTalk Update – 06.18.2018

ShadowTalk Update – 06.18.2018

June 18, 2018 | 3 Min Read

In ShadowTalk this week, Dr Richard Gold and...
Security Analyst Spotlight Series: Rafael Amado

Security Analyst Spotlight Series: Rafael Amado

June 14, 2018 | 9 Min Read

Organizations rely on Digital Shadows to be an...
Shadow Talk Update – 06.11.2018

Shadow Talk Update – 06.11.2018

June 11, 2018 | 3 Min Read

In Shadow Talk this week, Dr Richard Gold joins...
Shadow Talk Update – 06.04.2018

Shadow Talk Update – 06.04.2018

June 4, 2018 | 3 Min Read

In this week's Shadow Talk, Dr Richard Gold joins...
7 Ways The Digital Risk Revolution Changes Risk and Compliance – Webinar Key Insights

7 Ways The Digital Risk Revolution Changes Risk and Compliance – Webinar Key Insights

May 30, 2018 | 5 Min Read

Lockpath’s Vice President of Development Tony...
Shadow Talk Update – 05.29.2018

Shadow Talk Update – 05.29.2018

May 29, 2018 | 4 Min Read

The focus in this week’s Shadow Talk is on...
Security Analyst Spotlight Series: Rose Bernard

Security Analyst Spotlight Series: Rose Bernard

May 23, 2018 | 5 Min Read

Organizations rely on our cyber intelligence...
A New Approach for Channel Security Consultants

A New Approach for Channel Security Consultants

May 22, 2018 | 5 Min Read

Old school security practices simply don’t fit...
Shadow Talk Update – 05.21.2018

Shadow Talk Update – 05.21.2018

May 21, 2018 | 3 Min Read

In this week’s episode of Shadow Talk, Digital...
Digital Shadows 7th Anniversary – A Look Back

Digital Shadows 7th Anniversary – A Look Back

May 16, 2018 | 4 Min Read

Today marks the 7th anniversary of Digital...
Shadow Talk Update – 05.14.2018

Shadow Talk Update – 05.14.2018

May 14, 2018 | 3 Min Read

In this week’s episode Shadow Talk we look at...
Offsetting Dunbar by Developing Diversity

Offsetting Dunbar by Developing Diversity

May 8, 2018 | 2 Min Read

Some of you may be familiar with the Dunbar...
Shadow Talk Update – 05.07.2018

Shadow Talk Update – 05.07.2018

May 7, 2018 | 3 Min Read

In this week’s episode Shadow Talk, it’s a...
Shadow Talk Update – 04.30.2018

Shadow Talk Update – 04.30.2018

April 30, 2018 | 2 Min Read

In this week’s episode of Shadow Talk, we cover...
Digital Shadows Opens New State of the Art London Office in Canary Wharf

Digital Shadows Opens New State of the Art London Office in Canary Wharf

April 26, 2018 | 2 Min Read

When myself and James Chappell set the company up...
Shadow Talk Update – 04.23.2018

Shadow Talk Update – 04.23.2018

April 23, 2018 | 3 Min Read

This week’s Shadow Talk discusses Russia’s...
Shadow Talk Update – 04.16.2018

Shadow Talk Update – 04.16.2018

April 16, 2018 | 5 Min Read

This week’s Shadow Talk discusses a Cisco Smart...
Escalation in Cyberspace: Not as Deniable as We All Seem to Think?

Escalation in Cyberspace: Not as Deniable as We All Seem to Think?

April 12, 2018 | 5 Min Read

The recent assassination attempt on former...
Introducing Shadow Search – Quickly enable deeper research and investigation

Introducing Shadow Search – Quickly enable deeper research and investigation

April 10, 2018 | 5 Min Read

All enterprises face key challenges in their...
Shadow Talk Update – 04.09.2018

Shadow Talk Update – 04.09.2018

April 9, 2018 | 4 Min Read

Back from the Easter break, this week’s Shadow...
One CISO’s Recommendations for Making the Most of RSA Conference Sessions

One CISO’s Recommendations for Making the Most of RSA Conference Sessions

April 9, 2018 | 6 Min Read

Last week, Enterprise Strategy Group (ESG)...
RSA Conference 2018 – Digital Shadows

RSA Conference 2018 – Digital Shadows

March 28, 2018 | 2 Min Read

RSA Conference is almost here! This year’s...
Shadow Talk Update – 03.26.2018

Shadow Talk Update – 03.26.2018

March 26, 2018 | 4 Min Read

This week’s Shadow Talk discusses what the...
Shadow Talk Update – 03.19.2018

Shadow Talk Update – 03.19.2018

March 19, 2018 | 5 Min Read

This week’s Shadow Talk features the latest...
Shadow Talk Update – 03.12.2018

Shadow Talk Update – 03.12.2018

March 12, 2018 | 3 Min Read

This week’s Shadow Talk features more...
Pressing For Progress This International Women’s Day

Pressing For Progress This International Women’s Day

March 8, 2018 | 3 Min Read

"Do you think you're going to be able to handle...
Shadow Talk Update – 03.05.2018

Shadow Talk Update – 03.05.2018

March 5, 2018 | 3 Min Read

On this week's Shadow Talk podcast, the Research...
Shadow Talk Update – 02.26.2018

Shadow Talk Update – 02.26.2018

February 26, 2018 | 3 Min Read

In this week’s podcast, the Digital Shadows...
Prioritize to Avoid Security Nihilism

Prioritize to Avoid Security Nihilism

February 20, 2018 | 3 Min Read

In many situations associated with cyber...
Shadow Talk Update – 02.19.2018

Shadow Talk Update – 02.19.2018

February 19, 2018 | 3 Min Read

In this week’s Shadow Talk podcast, the Digital...
Cryptojacking: An Overview

Cryptojacking: An Overview

February 13, 2018 | 5 Min Read

What is Cryptojacking? Cryptojacking is the...
Shadow Talk Update – 12.02.2018

Shadow Talk Update – 12.02.2018

February 12, 2018 | 4 Min Read

With the 2018 Winter Games beginning this week,...
Shadow Talk Update – 02.05.2018

Shadow Talk Update – 02.05.2018

February 5, 2018 | 3 Min Read

In this week’s podcast episode of Shadow Talk,...
Why Marketing Leaders Must Take Action To Manage Digital Risk And Protect Their Brand

Why Marketing Leaders Must Take Action To Manage Digital Risk And Protect Their Brand

January 30, 2018 | 7 Min Read

I am one of you. I have been in the marketing...
Shadow Talk Update – 01.29.2018

Shadow Talk Update – 01.29.2018

January 29, 2018 | 4 Min Read

In this week’s Shadow Talk podcast episode, the...
Don’t Rely on One Star to Manage Digital Risk, The Key is Total Coverage

Don’t Rely on One Star to Manage Digital Risk, The Key is Total Coverage

January 16, 2018 | 5 Min Read

This post originally appeared on...
Digital Shadows Launches Weekly Newsletter: “In the Shadows”

Digital Shadows Launches Weekly Newsletter: “In the Shadows”

January 8, 2018 | 2 Min Read

Digital Shadows has just launched a new...
Why I Joined Digital Shadows: Product, Culture and Opportunity

Why I Joined Digital Shadows: Product, Culture and Opportunity

December 13, 2017 | 2 Min Read

Making the decision to join Digital Shadows was...
A New CISO Looking to See How Deep the Rabbit Hole Goes

A New CISO Looking to See How Deep the Rabbit Hole Goes

December 12, 2017 | 2 Min Read

Well it is official, I’m now the Chief...

Digital Shadows’ Most Popular Blogs of 2017: Analysis of Competing Hypotheses For The Win

December 12, 2017 | 3 Min Read

This time last year, we looked back at the blogs...
Meet the New Digitalshadows.com

Meet the New Digitalshadows.com

November 29, 2017 | 2 Min Read

This morning we launched the new Digital Shadows...
Why “Have a Safe Trip” Is Taking On Greater Meaning

Why “Have a Safe Trip” Is Taking On Greater Meaning

November 14, 2017 | 5 Min Read

This post originally appeared...
Groupthink

Know Where to Find Your Digital Risk

November 10, 2017 | 4 Min Read

This post originally appeared on SecurityWeek....
women in cyber

Women in Security: Where We Are And Where We Need To Go

October 25, 2017 | 7 Min Read

Ada Lovelace, Grace Hopper, Katherine Johnson,...
Digital Shadows Announcement

Simply Put, Effective Cybersecurity is the Strength Sum of Its Parts

October 11, 2017 | 2 Min Read

Today’s cybersecurity landscape, dominated as...
online safety

Simple Steps to Online Safety

October 5, 2017 | 4 Min Read

On the heels of some very high-profile and...
NCSAM

Gearing Up For National Cyber Security Awareness Month

October 3, 2017 | 4 Min Read

I’m going to go out on a limb and say that...
powershell

PowerShell Security Best Practices

October 8, 2019 | 9 Min Read

Updated as of October 8, 2019 Threat actors...
digital shadows funding

Recognition of Hard Work and Relevance – It’s Time to Go Global

September 20, 2017 | 3 Min Read

The news this morning that Digital Shadows has...
Computer Worms Blog

Return of the Worm: A Red Hat Analysis

September 7, 2017 | 4 Min Read

A computer worm is a piece of malware that is...
Threat Intelligence Social Media Security

All That Twitterz Is Not Gold: Why You Need to Rely on Multiple Sources of Intelligence

August 9, 2017 | 3 Min Read

Twitter has become an extremely valuable tool for...
Threat Model

What is a Threat Model, and Why Organizations Should Care

July 31, 2017 | 4 Min Read

Many organizations are exquisitely aware that...
Criminal Market Place Bitcoin Virtual Currency

The Future of Marketplaces: Forecasting the Decentralized Model

July 17, 2017 | 4 Min Read

Last week we wrote about the disappearance of...
AlphaBay Hansa Seized

AlphaBay Disappears: 3 Scenarios to Look For Next

July 14, 2017 | 6 Min Read

The AlphaBay dark web marketplace has been...
Penetration Testing

Threat Led Penetration Testing – The Past, Present and Future

July 10, 2017 | 5 Min Read

What is Threat Led Penetration Testing? Threat...
Cyber Criminal Attack Vectors

Keep Your Eyes on the Prize: Attack Vectors are Important But Don’t Ignore Attacker Goals

June 23, 2017 | 5 Min Read

Reporting on intrusions or attacks often dwells...
Wanna Cry Ransomware

WannaCry: An Analysis of Competing Hypotheses – Part II

June 7, 2017 | 7 Min Read

Following the furore of last month’s WannaCry...
Encrypted Files WannaCry

WannaCry: An Analysis of Competing Hypotheses

May 18, 2017 | 6 Min Read

On 12 May 2017, as the WannaCry ransomware spread...
Company Anniversary Cyber Security

Digital Shadows’ 6th Anniversary

May 16, 2017 | 5 Min Read

It’s amazing to think that the idea James and I...
NIST Authentication

Authentication Nation: 5 Ways NIST is Changing How We Think About Passwords

May 9, 2017 | 4 Min Read

Passwords have taken a beating over the past...
Brand Reputation Digital Risk

The 3 Pillars of Digital Risk Management: Part 3 – The Top 5 Main Risks of Reputational Damage

April 27, 2017 | 2 Min Read

In this 3-part blog series, we discuss how each...
Cyber Threats

The 3 Pillars of Digital Risk Management: Part 1 Understanding Cyber Threats

April 13, 2017 | 3 Min Read

What is Digital Risk Management? The National...
Research Intelligence Sources

All Sources Are Not the Same; Why Diversity Is Good for Intelligence

April 11, 2017 | 3 Min Read

As we all know, if you listen to just one side of...
Digital Shadows Announcement

Five Reasons Why Alex Seton VP of Business and Corporate Development, Joined Digital Shadows

March 21, 2017 | 3 Min Read

What a great feeling to find a company that cuts...
Mobile App Screen

5 Risks Posed By Mobile Applications That SearchLight Helps You Manage

March 14, 2017 | 2 Min Read

Organizations face a wide range of risks online,...
Penetration Testing

Step by Step: The Changing Face of Threat Led Penetration Testing

February 28, 2017 | 4 Min Read

Organizations are increasingly adopting the...
Intelligence Cycle

F3EAD: Find, Fix, Finish, Exploit, Analyze and Disseminate – The Alternative Intelligence Cycle

February 8, 2017 | 4 Min Read

The F3EAD cycle (Find, Fix Finish, Exploit,...
Intelligence Sources

Two Ways to Effectively Tailor Your Intelligence Products

January 17, 2017 | 4 Min Read

In my previous blog, “Trump and Intelligence: 6...
Intelligence Consumer Trump

Trump and Intelligence: 6 Ways To Deal With Challenging Intelligence Consumers

January 4, 2017 | 4 Min Read

It is no secret the President Elect Trump is...
Forecasts Cyber Security

You Should Consider Forecasts, Not Predictions

December 9, 2016 | 4 Min Read

Well it’s that time of year again. Sorry, not...
Top 3 blogs

The Top Three Most Popular Blogs of 2016

December 8, 2016 | 2 Min Read

It’s been a great year for the Digital Shadows...
Chess Game

A Model of Success: Anticipating Your Attackers’ Moves

December 1, 2016 | 4 Min Read

In a previous blog, we discussed the role of...
Tesco Bank

Leak on Aisle 12! An Analysis of Competing Hypotheses for the Tesco Bank Incident

November 11, 2016 | 5 Min Read

On November 6, 2016 multiple UK media outlets...
Email Security

Five Tips For Better Email Security

November 8, 2016 | 4 Min Read

While security is everyone’s responsibility,...
Adaptation

Resilience: Adapt or Fail

October 28, 2016 | 5 Min Read

“But it ain’t how hard you hit; it’s about...
4 Tricks to Make a Cybersecurity Training a Treat

4 Tricks to Make a Cybersecurity Training a Treat

October 12, 2016 | 3 Min Read

A Halloween nightmare: Thunderstorms rage...
Professional Services Digital Shadows

Digital Risk Monitoring Is A Service, Not a Distinct Capability

October 11, 2016 | 2 Min Read

Digital Shadows was recently recognized as a...
Strategic Support Force

Balancing the Scales: The PRC’s Shift to Symmetrical Engagement

October 6, 2016 | 4 Min Read

Over the past few years we have observed the...
cyberattacks

Do Not Invite Them In: What “Human Error” Can Mean In Practice

October 6, 2016 | 4 Min Read

Although you may or may not be a fan of vampire...
Forrester

Digital Risk Monitoring Can Negate ‘Indicators of Exhaustion’

September 26, 2016 | 2 Min Read

When I first joined Digital Shadows in January, I...
exploit kits

Three easy tips to staying safe online

September 19, 2016 | 4 Min Read

While security is everyone’s responsibility,...
SCADA hacks

Show me the context: The hacking proof of concept

September 8, 2016 | 2 Min Read

A common feature at security conferences,...
HackBack

The cyber defender and attacker imbalance – a disproportionate impact

September 6, 2016 | 3 Min Read

You might be forgiven for thinking that...
SWIFT network

Hybrid cyber/physical criminal operations – where network intrusions meet the physical world

August 30, 2016 | 3 Min Read

At some stage, almost every crime committed...
security culture

Security Culture: You’re only as strong as your team

August 18, 2016 | 4 Min Read

When you’re hurt you feel pain, you see a cut...
False flag operations

False flags in cyber intrusions – why bother?

August 17, 2016 | 3 Min Read

False flag operations have long existed in the...
TTPs

Getting In Gear: Accounting for Tactical and Strategic Intelligence

July 26, 2016 | 3 Min Read

We’ve written before about how we like to map...
Indicator of Compromise

5 Takeaways From The “Building A Strategic Threat Intelligence Program” Webinar

July 26, 2016 | 3 Min Read

Last week, the great Mike Rothman (of Securosis...
Syrian Electronic Army

Towards a(nother) new model of attribution

July 21, 2016 | 4 Min Read

Actor attribution is a common issue and activity...
Lulz Boat

Open Source Intelligence versus Web Search: What’s The Difference?

July 11, 2016 | 4 Min Read

“I can get that from Google!” – is a common...
threat intelligence

Spidey-sense for the people

June 23, 2016 | 5 Min Read

If you liked Marvel’s SpiderMan then you will...
cyberspace

Standoff in cyberspace

June 17, 2016 | 3 Min Read

In physical security terminology, standoff is the...
Intelligence Collection

Inconsistencies in Intelligence Collection

June 17, 2016 | 4 Min Read

Amid the rising talk of “intelligence” within...
intelligence cycle

Building an Intelligence Capability: Agility, Creativity and Diversity

June 2, 2016 | 2 Min Read

The Internet is a big old place, full of...
risk

Are you certain you know what risk means?

May 31, 2016 | 5 Min Read

You’re the person in charge of safety on the...
Advanced Persistent Threat

The Plan is Mightier than the Sword – Re(sources)

May 24, 2016 | 3 Min Read

After having discussed the importance of planning...
Operational Relay Boxes

The Plan is Mightier than the Sword – Persistence

May 24, 2016 | 5 Min Read

In the last blog post, I talked about the...
Advanced Persistent Threat

The Plan is Mightier than the Sword – Planning

May 24, 2016 | 4 Min Read

Media reports of breaches against major...
Digital Shadows Announcement

Digital Shadows – The Innovation Continues

May 13, 2016 | 2 Min Read

This week, Digital Shadows will turn five years...
Intelligence Cycle

Getting Strategic With Your Threat Intelligence Program

April 26, 2016 | 4 Min Read

Tactical feeds have dominated the threat...
Artificial Intelligence

Roboanalyst: The Future of Threat Intelligence?

April 25, 2016 | 3 Min Read

Artificial Intelligence (AI) is currently going...
Mergers and acquisitions

It’s time to put the diligence into your M&A due diligence

March 29, 2016 | 2 Min Read

The headlines resulting from the Target/Fazio...
antifragile security

Antifragile Security: Bouncing Back Stronger

March 21, 2016 | 3 Min Read

Strong, robust, stable, resilience – these are...
VMware

Moar Sand!

March 10, 2016 | 3 Min Read

Let’s face it, many organizations have their...
Human in the Loop

Uncertainties in the Language of Uncertainty – and why we need to talk about it

February 25, 2016 | 4 Min Read

If you know much about Digital Shadows...
3 letter guys

Intelligence vs. Infosec: The 3-letter-guy to the rescue?

February 25, 2016 | 3 Min Read

Whenever Royal Marines deploy on operations, they...
data breach

WHAT DO YOU MEAN IT WAS AN ACCIDENT?

February 25, 2016 | 4 Min Read

We always want to find someone or something to...
DDoS extortion

Using News Reports as a Source of Intelligence

February 23, 2016 | 4 Min Read

It’s often tempting to overplay the importance...
Sans

Another SANS Cyber Threat Intelligence Summit is in the books

February 11, 2016 | 5 Min Read

Last Thursday we wrapped up the 4th annual SANS...
intelligence collection

Waiter, there’s a hole in my intelligence collection!

February 10, 2016 | 3 Min Read

We’re all swimming in data. There’s data...
Digital Shadows Announcement

Relevance: The missing ingredient of cyber threat intelligence

February 8, 2016 | 3 Min Read

Today we’ve announced the closing of our Series...
Digital Shadows Announcement

Why I joined Digital Shadows

January 28, 2016 | 3 Min Read

Departing Forrester Research wasn’t an easy...
Bloomberg Business

Digital Shadows honored as Bloomberg Business Top Innovator

January 26, 2016 | 1 Min Read

We're pleased to announce that Bloomberg Business...
Digital Shadows Announcement

Digital Shadows Welcomes Rick Holland as Vice President of Strategy

January 19, 2016 | 1 Min Read

Last year was an exciting time for Digital...
strategic corporal

The Strategic Corporal and Information Security

January 18, 2016 | 3 Min Read

For those unfamiliar with the term “strategic...
Analyst Education

Lots to learn? Academia and intelligence

January 4, 2016 | 3 Min Read

With the ongoing emergence of CTI you could be...
Intelligence Communication

Communicating Intelligence: The Challenge of Consumption

December 10, 2015 | 4 Min Read

In my previous blog in this series I discussed...
Intelligence Communication

Communicating Intelligence: Getting the message out

December 8, 2015 | 4 Min Read

In my previous blog I discussed some of the...
TalkTalk

TalkTalk Information Likely to be Discoverable on The Dark Web

December 4, 2015 | 3 Min Read

Last month, TalkTalk disclosed that they been the...
Intelligence Communication

Communicating Intelligence: A Battle of Three Sides

December 2, 2015 | 2 Min Read

Good intelligence depends in large measure on...
ABI

Activity Based Intelligence – Activating Your Interest?

November 25, 2015 | 4 Min Read

Some threat actors love to make noise. Be it a...
MitM

The Way of Hacking

November 10, 2015 | 3 Min Read

In the Japanese martial art of Aikido it is said...
Internet of Things

How the Internet of Things (IoT) is Expanding Your Digital Shadow

September 9, 2015 | 2 Min Read

The Internet of Things (IoT) is a development...
Cyber Intelligence

The Intelligence Cycle – What Is It Good For?

September 9, 2015 | 10 Min Read

It seems that the concept of ‘intelligence’...
Digital Shadows Announcement

Digital Shadows Invited To 10 Downing Street

September 8, 2015 | 2 Min Read

Digital Shadows invited to 10 Downing...
multilingual domain

Working In Multilingual Sources

September 8, 2015 | 5 Min Read

Introduction Here at Digital Shadows we collect...
Intelligence Trinity

The Intelligence Trinity

September 8, 2015 | 5 Min Read

My name is Steve and I’ve been working in...
Sources

Source Evaluation

September 8, 2015 | 5 Min Read

My name is Ben and I’ve been working for...
Digital Shadows Announcement

Digital Shadows joins roundtable at 10 Downing Street

September 8, 2015 | 1 Min Read

Digital Shadows invited to 10 Downing...
Remote

Remote working at Digital Shadows

September 8, 2015 | 6 Min Read

This post will cover some of the challenges...
Analytics

Analytical Tradecraft at Digital Shadows

September 8, 2015 | 3 Min Read

This week my colleague and I attended the SANS...
Groupthink

The Dangers of Groupthink

September 7, 2015 | 4 Min Read

In my previous blog post I discussed...
groupthink

The Dangers of Groupthink: Part 2

September 7, 2015 | 5 Min Read

9th April 2015: In my previous blog post I...
Digital Shadows Announcement

Digital Shadows Integrates With Maltego Through Partnership With Malformity Labs

September 7, 2015 | 4 Min Read

The need for organizations to focus on their risk...
Announcement

Exciting Times, Exciting Team at Digital Shadows

September 4, 2015 | 4 Min Read

Yesterday we announced that Stuart McClure,...
Digital Shadows Announcement

Digital Shadows and ThreatConnect Partner to Help Customers Improve Security Defenses

September 4, 2015 | 2 Min Read

One of the foundational values of Digital Shadows...