Dark Web Digest: Exploring the risk impact of dark web findings, the evolution of forums, and observed trends

Dark Web Digest: Exploring the risk impact of dark web findings, the evolution of forums, and observed trends
Kacey C
Read More From Kacey C
May 29, 2020 | 12 Min Read

This week, Digital Shadows hosted a webinar covering dark web trends that we have recently observed, the risk impact associated with cybercriminal behaviors, and mitigation strategies for your organizations’ digital risk on the dark web. While the webinar is available here, we wanted to go the extra mile and offer our video content in a slightly more digestible text form.

Here’s the recording in case you prefer to watch the full video:

Dark Web Digest: Gaining Valuable Threat Intel from Cybercriminal Forums

This blog covers three specific topics: Dark web trends, tactics and techniques criminals use to compromise your data, and how to gain visibility into your dark web risks.

Forum competitions continue to proliferate.

Early competitions on criminal forums started as small and were seemingly innocent compared to the severe events we have recently observed. They began as challenges for users, including trivia questions or image design contests with modest prizes such as VPN services or status points.

  • In January 2008, Exploit ran a competition where the user with the longest tenure on the forum to post in a specific thread would win $25.
  • In October 2007, members were offered a reward by accurately guessing how many registered members were on the forum on a specific date.

Over time, these competitions have grown to be more involved. They can now pay up to five figures to find zero-day vulnerabilities, cracking encryption keys or users rolling their encryption, and developing new malware. Individual users used to be responsible for coordinating competition efforts; however, as more participants entered and prizes grew in size, forum administrative groups began to plan out and initiate competition criteria and parameters.

One of the main reasons why criminal forums fizzle out is because of user attrition. To combat this, forum competitions assist in:

  • Gaining new users
  • Maintaining current users
  • Promoting community culture
  • Serving as a reputation booster for forum participants
  • Building knowledge and improving skills for forum users

In many cases, forum competition prizes are sponsored by a group of people. In December 2019, XSS administrators revealed that an annual forum competition was sponsored by the Sodinokibi (aka REvil) ransomware operators; the competition winner would be allowed to work with their team. In theory, the Sodinokibi team can increase awareness of ransomware on the forum (thus potentially increasing their sales) and perhaps gain valuable intelligence for use in their future malware development.

Interested in learning more about Russian-language forum competitions? Check out our blog: Competitions on russian-language cybercriminal forums: sharing expertise or threat actor showboating?

Announcement of third annual articles competition on XSS
Figure 1: Announcement of third annual articles competition on XSS

However, the competition model on English-language forums has not gone down the same road compared to their Russian counterparts. English-language forum administrators coordinate small prizes and make use of simple competition formats that require minimum effort. The focus for English-language sites seems to be focused on simple and easy entertainment rather than prestige, money, or harnessing new skills, much like the earlier days of competitions on the Russian landscape.

While English-language forums may attempt to coordinate more competitions in the future, due to dwindling enthusiasm or user drop-off, we don’t imagine this will happen any time soon.

Morality and ethics are a gray area in forum culture.

Often, when you look at cybercriminal platforms, you may imagine that they’re inherently criminal, but that’s not always the case. While some people may be on cybercriminal forums, they may not be cybercriminals themselves. Many nuances go into criminal forums, and we’ve seen individuals on forums that maintain a different intent and mindset than what you may expect.

The COVID-19 (aka coronavirus) pandemic can serve as a prime example of this: Some users have been slightly more hesitant to profit off of the pandemic. Throughout the spread and media coverage of COVID-19, we have observed solidarity from forum users with countries that have been severely affected – Italy, for example. Additionally, we have seen multiple posts providing helpful health and safety information.

COVID-19 thread on Torum
Figure 2: COVID-19 thread on Torum

To build on this gray area, some forums and their users have attempted to coordinate charitable efforts:

  • On the Russian-language carding forum Verified, a service providing bank drops in the United States promoted the fact that it donates a portion of its profits to charity as a way to market the service.
  • A forum member of the Russian-language forum, Antichat, had applied for paid coding work on a project organizing “cryptoattacks,” passed the interview tests and was promised work and payment, but never received any funds. When complaining about this injustice on the forum, the user explained that they needed the money to pay for their father’s cancer medication. In turn, the user received $700 for their father’s medical treatment.
  • A user on Club2CRD announced their intention to involve the forum community in their habit of visiting children’s homes and donating material goods.
  • An Exploit user proposed establishing a charitable fund on the forum, saying that donating money would be “a plus for karma at the least, and the most, helping people who need it,” with the forum members becoming “a kind of modern Robin Hood.” 

COVID-19 continues to be a popular topic.

It comes as no surprise that cybercriminals are taking advantage of the current situation for profit. We have identified plenty of examples of criminals leveraging phishing, social engineering methods, the sale of fraudulent goods, and misinformation campaigns to carry out their nefarious deeds. Users on the English-language cybercriminal forum, Torum, were observed requesting templates and ideas for spreading coronavirus-specific phishing emails. Similarly, vendors on Empire, a cybercriminal marketplace, were seen trying to sell various types of personal protective equipment (PPE) and sketchy COVID-19 antibody test kits. We also observed some outlandish claims by marketplace vendors that advertise the sale of recovered COVID-19 patient plasma.

Advertisement for a recovered patient’s plasma on Empire marketplace
Figure 3: Advertisement for a recovered patient’s plasma on Empire marketplace
COVID-19 antibody test kit advertised on Empire marketplace
Figure 4: COVID-19 antibody test kit advertised on Empire marketplace

Previous to COVID-19, marketplace vendors were identified as selling illicit drugs, such as cocaine or heroin, but are now adjusting their business plan to remain relevant to current circumstances.

Rebooting dark web search engines: Kilos and Recon

Kilos

Kilos emerged in November 2019 and is a one-stop-shop offering an extensive index of marketplaces, vendors, listings, reviews, and advanced filter functions. Based on visual observations, it’s possible that Kilos evolved from the popular dark web search engine, “Grams,” which ceased operations in 2017. The search engine is currently indexing 718,781 forum posts, 96,529 listings, 4,178 vendors, and has 1,296,311 reviews from ten markets and six forums. The creator of Kilos is keen on the platform’s success and is consistently pushing updates and added features that ensure the security and anonymity of its users while maintaining a robust and resilient resource for dark web goods and services.

Kilos search engine interface with advanced filtering options
Figure 5: Kilos search engine interface with advanced filtering options

In addition to its advanced filter capabilities, Kilos offers a Bitcoin mixer service called Krumble, a CAPTCHA system that improves the site’s sentiment analysis, a grading scale for rendered search results for qualitative improvements, and direct communication with the administrator.

Just as Grams proved extremely useful to cybercriminals and researchers alike, it is highly likely that Kilos will become an equally great – or an even more valuable – platform for dark web offerings.

Recon

Recon is another dark web search engine released in Beta in March 2020 by “HugBunter,” the creator and administrator of the Reddit-style cybercriminal community, Dread. To date, Recon has indexed 32 marketplaces, 23,000 vendors, 49500 listings, and 1,400 reviews. Currently, only six of the 32 marketplaces are online: CannaHome, Cannazon, Empire, Monopoly, Versus, and White House Market. The remaining 26 marketplaces are down due to various reasons, including exit scams, law enforcement seizures, and the disappearance of administration members.

As Recon continues to build its features and archival capabilities, it will likely be a strong competitor of Kilos.

Recon’s interface, showing current index statistics
Figure 6: Recon’s interface, showing current index statistics

Tactics and techniques remain unchanged.

Social engineering and phishing

Coronavirus phishing method advertised on XSS
Figure 7: Coronavirus phishing method advertised on XSS

We’ve said it before, and you’re probably sick of hearing it: Phishing is one of the most popular attack techniques. It’s simple to do, and it works. You don’t need to be a skilled threat actor or have a detailed understanding of your target to conduct an effective phishing attack as long as you have the means to buy a template. Commonly, templates offered on criminal forums and marketplaces contain how-to guides and are intended to masquerade as legitimate company emails.

Phishing-as-a-service (PHaaS) and phishing kits are an alternative to phishing templates, allowing an attacker to rent the infrastructure required for conducting phishing attacks. PHaaS offerings are monetized in familiar ways, offering various monthly subscription rates, each with multiple feature tiers, and gradually mirroring as-a-service offerings like that of those in real life.

Phishers take advantage of current events to make their emails relevant, e.g., COVID-19. Reports of email phishing campaigns using COVID-19-related lures surfaced almost immediately after confirmed infections began increasing in January 2020. Health organizations such as the World Health Organization (WHO) United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) have been prime targets for impersonation due to their perceived authority, which have included malicious domains or document downloads using promises of relevant safety documentation or infection maps.

But wait – there’s more!

Yes, phishing and social engineering are a significant risk to everyone, from individuals to global organizations. While we see them less often, we wanted to consolidate a few more methods that cybercriminals use to compromise your brand:

Compromised payment card details can be useful for fraud and allow criminals to access victim accounts on their behalf or leveraged for monetary gain. When attackers carry out network attacks, they will occasionally gain more information than what they were targeting. Card information can be a byproduct of a network attack so that criminals can sell bonus data for bottom dollar on criminal marketplaces. For credit-card vendors, advertising on cybercriminal forums can mean a more significant profit and greater control over who can view or buy it.

Exposed account credentials are regularly sold on criminal marketplaces for what seems like reasonable prices. Data breaches, system compromises, financial losses, and reputational damage are all possible outcomes of account takeover. These compromises can lead to privilege escalation and additional attacks on partners or supply chain vendors. Credential stuffing is a common method that attackers use to gain access to more accounts. If the same password is used on one account, they can likely gain access to a different account with the same credential pair. A common method for account takeover involves impersonation. The victim is led to believe that an email came from someone they knew, giving the victim comfort in familiarity; instead, it includes clicking malicious links or following specific transaction instructions.

Vulnerability exploitation is also a common attack vector that cybercriminals and advanced persistent threats (APTs) use to gain system access. Forum users will commonly list zero-day vulnerabilities for sale, or other exploit PoC code, opening the doors for more threat actors to use during their campaigns. While many threat actors will use phishing emails to distribute malware, vulnerability exploitation is a close second. Notoriously, the WannaCry ransomware attacks in May 2017 leveraged a vulnerability in Windows. In December 2019, Travelex was hit with a ransomware attack that leveraged a critical Citrix vulnerability (CVE-2019-19781). Following the attack, Sodinokibi (aka REvil) was observed targeting other vulnerable systems to spread ransomware.

Ransomware: Pay or get breached

Ransomware is another topic that we continually hear about; however, a new method of attack dubbed the “pay-or-get-breached” model, was spearheaded by Maze and began surfacing in late 2019. With this technique, organizations aren’t just dealing with the technical obstacles of a ransomware attack; they’re also forced to treat these attacks as a breach. Unfortunately, mitigating this type of attack goes beyond the traditional ransomware mitigations, such as storing backups to ensure business continuity – you have to deal with the threat actors that have stolen your data. The ramifications of this type of attack can be devastating, especially if the attackers post your organizations’ stolen information on a public website. Not only does this method affect IT and Security departments, legal, operations, and public relations efforts are also required.

Screenshot of the DoppelPaymer leak site
Figure 8: Screenshot of the DoppelPaymer leak site

The pay-or-get-breached method will likely continue to gain in popularity among threat groups and ransomware operators, due to the added pressure it puts on its targets.

Gaining visibility into your dark web risks is invaluable.

When you’re considering dark web monitoring, you have to bear in mind that the dark web does not necessarily mean criminality; even Facebook and the Wall Street Journal have platforms supported by .onion links. If you’re pulling in only dark web sources for your monitoring practices, you will also have to (possibly manually) filter through sources that are false positives. When you’re looking at threat intelligence feeds or data points, it is imperative to establish context by determining intelligence requirements. Otherwise, you won’t know what kind of problem you’re facing or how you want to solve it.

In this instance, we find the Pyramid of Pain to be a helpful model for risk prioritization. This model helps illustrate what kind of indicators are out there and how much “pain” you may cause your adversaries if you deny them those indicators. To give you a hint, the “good stuff” is at the top. For example, if you deny your attackers their tactics, techniques, and procedures (TTPs), they’re going to be hurting; however, if you deny their hash values, it won’t serve as much of an obstacle.

Pyramid of Pain
Figure 10: Pyramid of Pain

Digital Shadows has your back.

Digital Shadows provides valuable and actionable intelligence for your digital risks and customized threat intelligence and security alerts based on your organization’s assets. With SearchLight, >95% of the noise is removed, giving your organization timely access and context to valuable threat intelligence.

top challenges facing customers for dark web monitoring

Based on our research of dark web risks, exposed passwords and customer accounts are some of the top challenges that customers face – we can help.

To learn more about SearchLight or Digital Shadows’ offerings, request a demo or get started with a free 7 day Test Drive here.

Thanks for reading and feel free to check out the full webinar recording below:

Dark Web Digest: Gaining Valuable Threat Intel from Cybercriminal Forums

Access Our Threat Intel In Test Drive

Test Drive SearchLight Free for 7 Days
Try It Now

Connect with us

Related Posts

With the Empire falling, who will take over the throne?

With the Empire falling, who will take over the throne?

September 16, 2020 | 10 Min Read

With the Empire falling, who will take over...
Not another ransomware blog: Initial access brokers and their role

Not another ransomware blog: Initial access brokers and their role

September 9, 2020 | 5 Min Read

It’s hard to get very far in cyber threat...
Cyber espionage: How to not get spooked by nation-state actors

Cyber espionage: How to not get spooked by nation-state actors

September 8, 2020 | 8 Min Read

In all the years I’ve worked in the...
Dread takes on the spammers – who will come out on top?

Dread takes on the spammers – who will come out on top?

August 28, 2020 | 9 Min Read

Spamming is an irritating and sometimes...
Fall of the behemoth: Cybercriminal underground rocked by Empire’s apparent exit scam

Fall of the behemoth: Cybercriminal underground rocked by Empire’s apparent exit scam

August 27, 2020 | 10 Min Read

Summer is generally a relatively quiet time...
“ALEXA, WHO IS THE NUMBER ONE CYBERCRIMINAL FORUM TO RULE THEM ALL?”

“ALEXA, WHO IS THE NUMBER ONE CYBERCRIMINAL FORUM TO RULE THEM ALL?”

August 26, 2020 | 12 Min Read

In June 2020, the administrator of the...
RECAP: Discussing the evolution and trends of cybercrime with Geoff White

RECAP: Discussing the evolution and trends of cybercrime with Geoff White

August 25, 2020 | 8 Min Read

In late July 2020, Digital Shadows had the...
Dark Web Forums – The new kid on the block

Dark Web Forums – The new kid on the block

August 18, 2020 | 12 Min Read

Introducing DWF There’s a new kid on...
Optiv CTIE 2020: COVID-19, cybercrime, and third-party risk

Optiv CTIE 2020: COVID-19, cybercrime, and third-party risk

August 17, 2020 | 10 Min Read

Optiv recently released their 2020 Cyber...
Escrow systems on cybercriminal forums: The Good, the Bad and the Ugly

Escrow systems on cybercriminal forums: The Good, the Bad and the Ugly

August 11, 2020 | 15 Min Read

Just a few short months ago, the...
Saving the SOC from overload by operationalizing digital risk protection

Saving the SOC from overload by operationalizing digital risk protection

August 5, 2020 | 4 Min Read

As you may have seen last week, the latest...
The story of Nulled: Old dog, new tricks

The story of Nulled: Old dog, new tricks

August 4, 2020 | 9 Min Read

It is often said that old dogs have a hard...
Dark Web Travel Agencies Revisited: The Impact of Coronavirus on the Shadow Travel Industry

Dark Web Travel Agencies Revisited: The Impact of Coronavirus on the Shadow Travel Industry

July 29, 2020 | 10 Min Read

Back in February, Digital Shadows published...
Account takeover: Expanding on impact

Account takeover: Expanding on impact

July 27, 2020 | 7 Min Read

Digital Shadows has collected over 15 billion...
Ransomware Trends in Q2: How Threat Intelligence Helps

Ransomware Trends in Q2: How Threat Intelligence Helps

July 22, 2020 | 8 Min Read

If you’re anything like me, it can be a...
The Rise of OpenBullet: A Deep Dive in the Attacker’s ATO toolkit

The Rise of OpenBullet: A Deep Dive in the Attacker’s ATO toolkit

July 20, 2020 | 9 Min Read

Account takeover (ATO) has become a serious...
Abracadabra! – CryptBB demystifying the illusion of the private forum

Abracadabra! – CryptBB demystifying the illusion of the private forum

July 15, 2020 | 8 Min Read

You wouldn’t usually associate cybercriminal...
SearchLight’s Credential Validation: Only Focus on What Matters

SearchLight’s Credential Validation: Only Focus on What Matters

July 14, 2020 | 4 Min Read

Of the many use cases associated with threat...
Tax Fraud in 2020: Down But Not Out

Tax Fraud in 2020: Down But Not Out

July 13, 2020 | 4 Min Read

After a three month extension, tomorrow marks...
From Exposure to Takeover: Part 1. Beg, borrow, and steal your way in

From Exposure to Takeover: Part 1. Beg, borrow, and steal your way in

July 7, 2020 | 9 Min Read

Account Takeover: Why criminals can’t...
Digital Risk Reporting Best Practices: Top 10 Ways to Build Killer Reports in SearchLight

Digital Risk Reporting Best Practices: Top 10 Ways to Build Killer Reports in SearchLight

June 30, 2020 | 4 Min Read

We all have those days or that time of the...
Multiple vs. Exclusive Sales on the Dark Web: What’s in a sale?

Multiple vs. Exclusive Sales on the Dark Web: What’s in a sale?

June 29, 2020 | 9 Min Read

When going out on a shopping spree, you would...
Introducing Nulledflix – Nulled forum’s own streaming service

Introducing Nulledflix – Nulled forum’s own streaming service

June 23, 2020 | 8 Min Read

Lockdowns implemented during the COVID-19...
Torigon Forum: A sad case of all show and no go

Torigon Forum: A sad case of all show and no go

June 23, 2020 | 11 Min Read

When we review the ideal template for a...
Ensuring order in the underground: Recruiting moderators on cybercriminal forums

Ensuring order in the underground: Recruiting moderators on cybercriminal forums

June 18, 2020 | 10 Min Read

While there have been many predictable...
Security Threat Intel Products and Services: Mapping SearchLight

Security Threat Intel Products and Services: Mapping SearchLight

June 10, 2020 | 6 Min Read

For those of you who have not yet seen, Gartner...
New DDoS protection tool advertised on the dark web

New DDoS protection tool advertised on the dark web

June 9, 2020 | 7 Min Read

This blog examines a newly launched DDoS...
3 Phishing Trends Organizations Should Watch Out For

3 Phishing Trends Organizations Should Watch Out For

May 20, 2020 | 16 Min Read

It’s only May, and is it just me, or has this...
The 2020 Verizon Data Breach Investigations Report: One CISO’s View

The 2020 Verizon Data Breach Investigations Report: One CISO’s View

May 19, 2020 | 6 Min Read

Sadly, Marvel’s Black Widow release date was...
A NEW DECADE OF CYBER THREATS: LOOKING BACK AT THE TRENDING CYBER TOPICS OF Q1 2020

A NEW DECADE OF CYBER THREATS: LOOKING BACK AT THE TRENDING CYBER TOPICS OF Q1 2020

May 14, 2020 | 10 Min Read

Q1 2020 was packed full of significant...
BitBazaar Market: Deception and Manipulation on the Dark Web

BitBazaar Market: Deception and Manipulation on the Dark Web

May 12, 2020 | 8 Min Read

It's a BitBazaar that they thought they...
Competitions on English-language cybercriminal forums: A stagnant competition model?

Competitions on English-language cybercriminal forums: A stagnant competition model?

May 5, 2020 | 9 Min Read

Russian-language cybercriminal forums aren’t...
Charitable Endeavors on Cybercriminal Forums

Charitable Endeavors on Cybercriminal Forums

April 28, 2020 | 12 Min Read

One heart-warming aspect of modern society is...
Nulled: The modern cybercriminal forum to go mobile….?

Nulled: The modern cybercriminal forum to go mobile….?

April 22, 2020 | 9 Min Read

What’s more threatening than the thought of a...
What ‘The Wire’ can teach us about cybersecurity

What ‘The Wire’ can teach us about cybersecurity

April 21, 2020 | 12 Min Read

In the current era of self-isolation, remote...
Zoom Security and Privacy Issues: Week in Review

Zoom Security and Privacy Issues: Week in Review

April 17, 2020 | 10 Min Read

In the last month, you’ve likely been hearing...
Recon: Dark web reconnaissance made to look easy

Recon: Dark web reconnaissance made to look easy

April 3, 2020 | 4 Min Read

Just as the rest of us enjoy the ease of...
Coronavirus as a double-edged sword for cybercriminals: Desperation or opportunity?

Coronavirus as a double-edged sword for cybercriminals: Desperation or opportunity?

April 2, 2020 | 9 Min Read

The ongoing COVID-19 (aka coronavirus) pandemic...
COVID-19: Companies and Verticals At Risk For Cyber Attacks

COVID-19: Companies and Verticals At Risk For Cyber Attacks

March 26, 2020 | 8 Min Read

  In our recent blog, How cybercriminals...
COVID-19: Dark Web Reactions

COVID-19: Dark Web Reactions

March 19, 2020 | 5 Min Read

  Digital Shadows has been researching...
Apollon Dark Web Marketplace: Exit Scams and DDoS Campaigns

Apollon Dark Web Marketplace: Exit Scams and DDoS Campaigns

March 17, 2020 | 8 Min Read

  Imagine logging on to your favorite...
How One Cybercriminal Forum is Helping to Address Suicide Awareness

How One Cybercriminal Forum is Helping to Address Suicide Awareness

March 10, 2020 | 4 Min Read

  The world can be a stressful place...
Dark Web Search Engine Kilos: Tipping the Scales in Favor of Cybercrime

Dark Web Search Engine Kilos: Tipping the Scales in Favor of Cybercrime

March 5, 2020 | 7 Min Read

  With the recent indictment of Larry...
FBI IC3 2019: Cybercrime results in over $3.5 billion in reported losses

FBI IC3 2019: Cybercrime results in over $3.5 billion in reported losses

March 3, 2020 | 8 Min Read

  On February 11th, we were treated to an...
The Ecosystem of Phishing: From Minnows to Marlins

The Ecosystem of Phishing: From Minnows to Marlins

February 20, 2020 | 31 Min Read

YOU JUST WON $1,000. CLICK HERE TO CLAIM YOUR...
Cybercriminal Forums on Valentine’s Day – A nice night to “Netflix and steal”…

Cybercriminal Forums on Valentine’s Day – A nice night to “Netflix and steal”…

February 17, 2020 | 6 Min Read

  It's the night before Valentine's Day,...
Dark web travel agencies: Take a trip on the dark side

Dark web travel agencies: Take a trip on the dark side

February 4, 2020 | 11 Min Read

For at least the last two years, an ecosystem of...
How the Cybercriminal Underground Mirrors the Real World

How the Cybercriminal Underground Mirrors the Real World

January 21, 2020 | 7 Min Read

Mirror, Mirror, on the wall. Who’s the best...
Cryptonite: Ransomware’s answer to Superman…

Cryptonite: Ransomware’s answer to Superman…

January 14, 2020 | 4 Min Read

  Update: It appears that the Cryptonite...
The Closure of Market.ms: A Cybercriminal Marketplace Ahead of Its Time

The Closure of Market.ms: A Cybercriminal Marketplace Ahead of Its Time

December 18, 2019 | 9 Min Read

In the world of “what could have been,” the...
2020 Cybersecurity Forecasts: 5 trends and predictions for the new year

2020 Cybersecurity Forecasts: 5 trends and predictions for the new year

December 18, 2019 | 10 Min Read

  If all the holiday fuss isn’t...
Forums are Forever – Part 3: From Runet with Love

Forums are Forever – Part 3: From Runet with Love

December 17, 2019 | 24 Min Read

  The rise of alternative technologies...
Forums are Forever – Part 2: Shaken, but not Stirred

Forums are Forever – Part 2: Shaken, but not Stirred

December 10, 2019 | 5 Min Read

  Cybercriminal forums continue to thrive...
Forums are Forever – Part 1: Cybercrime Never Dies

Forums are Forever – Part 1: Cybercrime Never Dies

December 4, 2019 | 10 Min Read

If one could predict the future back in the late...
Probiv: The missing pieces to a cybercriminal’s puzzle

Probiv: The missing pieces to a cybercriminal’s puzzle

November 26, 2019 | 10 Min Read

A husband wants to find out who owns the unknown...
Black Friday Deals on the Dark Web: A cybercriminal shopper’s paradise

Black Friday Deals on the Dark Web: A cybercriminal shopper’s paradise

November 21, 2019 | 10 Min Read

  Black Friday. You love it, you hate it,...
DarkMarket’s Feminist Flight Towards Equality and the Curious Case of Canaries

DarkMarket’s Feminist Flight Towards Equality and the Curious Case of Canaries

November 19, 2019 | 4 Min Read

  In late August, Dark Fail (a Tor onion...
VoIP security concerns: Here to stay, here to exploit

VoIP security concerns: Here to stay, here to exploit

November 14, 2019 | 4 Min Read

  VoIP, or Voice over Internet Protocol,...
Understanding the Different Cybercriminal Platforms: AVCs, Marketplaces, and Forums

Understanding the Different Cybercriminal Platforms: AVCs, Marketplaces, and Forums

October 31, 2019 | 6 Min Read

  With the recent breach that targeted...
Cybercriminal credit card stores: Is Brian out of the club?

Cybercriminal credit card stores: Is Brian out of the club?

October 31, 2019 | 8 Min Read

  If you’re an avid follower of Digital...
Honeypots: Tracking Attacks Against Misconfigured or Exposed Services

Honeypots: Tracking Attacks Against Misconfigured or Exposed Services

October 17, 2019 | 9 Min Read

Honeypots can be useful tools for gathering...
Typosquatting and the 2020 U.S. Presidential election: Cyberspace as the new political battleground

Typosquatting and the 2020 U.S. Presidential election: Cyberspace as the new political battleground

October 16, 2019 | 15 Min Read

Typosquatting. It’s a phrase most of us know in...
Cybercriminal Forum Developments: Escrow Services

Cybercriminal Forum Developments: Escrow Services

October 15, 2019 | 5 Min Read

Financial transactions made on cybercriminal...
Dark Web Overdrive: The Criminal Marketplace Understood Through Cyberpunk Fiction

Dark Web Overdrive: The Criminal Marketplace Understood Through Cyberpunk Fiction

October 9, 2019 | 5 Min Read

In 1984, science fiction writer William Gibson...
Top Threat Intelligence Podcasts to Add to Your Playlist

Top Threat Intelligence Podcasts to Add to Your Playlist

October 3, 2019 | 4 Min Read

Looking for some new threat intelligence podcasts...
Domain Squatting: The Phisher-man’s Friend

Domain Squatting: The Phisher-man’s Friend

October 1, 2019 | 8 Min Read

In the past we have talked about the internal...
Singapore Cyber Threat Landscape report (H1 2019)

Singapore Cyber Threat Landscape report (H1 2019)

September 26, 2019 | 7 Min Read

Despite being the second smallest country in...
Nemty Ransomware: Slow and Steady Wins the Race?

Nemty Ransomware: Slow and Steady Wins the Race?

September 19, 2019 | 3 Min Read

As we outlined recently, ransomware is a key...
Your Data at Risk: FBI Cyber Division Shares Top Emerging Cyber Threats to Your Enterprise

Your Data at Risk: FBI Cyber Division Shares Top Emerging Cyber Threats to Your Enterprise

September 17, 2019 | 8 Min Read

Data breaches are not slowing down. Nobody...
Dark Web Monitoring: The Good, The Bad, and The Ugly

Dark Web Monitoring: The Good, The Bad, and The Ugly

September 11, 2019 | 20 Min Read

Dark Web Monitoring Overview Gaining access to...
Envoy on a Mission to Bring Stability to the Criminal Underground

Envoy on a Mission to Bring Stability to the Criminal Underground

September 4, 2019 | 3 Min Read

Recent Turbulence in the Underground From the...
Emotet Returns: How To Track Its Updates

Emotet Returns: How To Track Its Updates

August 26, 2019 | 5 Min Read

What is Emotet? Emotet started life as a banking...
The Nouns of Black Hat: People, Places, and Things From Summer Camp 2019

The Nouns of Black Hat: People, Places, and Things From Summer Camp 2019

August 19, 2019 | 6 Min Read

Black Hat and DEFCON are a wrap! Digital Shadows...
Fresh blow for dark web markets: Nightmare market in disarray

Fresh blow for dark web markets: Nightmare market in disarray

August 13, 2019 | 5 Min Read

Over the past three weeks, Digital Shadows has...
Capital One Breach: What we know and what you can do

Capital One Breach: What we know and what you can do

July 31, 2019 | 5 Min Read

Monday blues. It’s a thing. It’s when you...
The Account Takeover Kill Chain: A Five Step Analysis

The Account Takeover Kill Chain: A Five Step Analysis

July 30, 2019 | 17 Min Read

It’s no secret that credential exposure is a...
A Growing Enigma: New AVC on the Block

A Growing Enigma: New AVC on the Block

July 19, 2019 | 3 Min Read

This week, in a ground breaking announcement, the...
Facebook’s Libra Cryptocurrency: Cybercriminals tipping the scales in their favor

Facebook’s Libra Cryptocurrency: Cybercriminals tipping the scales in their favor

June 27, 2019 | 8 Min Read

The announcements of Facebook’s new...
BlueKeep: Cutting through the hype to prepare your organization

BlueKeep: Cutting through the hype to prepare your organization

May 24, 2019 | 8 Min Read

Over the last week we have all been tuning into...
FBI IC3: Cybercrime Surges in 2018, Causing $2.7 Billion in Losses

FBI IC3: Cybercrime Surges in 2018, Causing $2.7 Billion in Losses

April 23, 2019 | 4 Min Read

This week, the Federal Bureau of Investigation...
Easing into the extortion game

Easing into the extortion game

April 3, 2019 | 4 Min Read

One of the main ideas which flowed through...
Predator: Modeling the attacker’s mindset

Predator: Modeling the attacker’s mindset

April 2, 2019 | 6 Min Read

Author: Richard Gold  The phrases...
Cyber Risks and High-frequency Trading: Conversation with an Insider

Cyber Risks and High-frequency Trading: Conversation with an Insider

March 26, 2019 | 4 Min Read

Research from the Carnegie Endowment for...
Dark Web Typosquatting: Scammers v. Tor

Dark Web Typosquatting: Scammers v. Tor

March 21, 2019 | 7 Min Read

Time and time again, we see how the cybercriminal...
Purple Teaming with Vectr, Cobalt Strike, and MITRE ATT&CK™

Purple Teaming with Vectr, Cobalt Strike, and MITRE ATT&CK™

March 6, 2019 | 7 Min Read

Authors: Simon Hall, Isidoros...
Extortion Exposed: Sextortion, thedarkoverlord, and SamSam

Extortion Exposed: Sextortion, thedarkoverlord, and SamSam

February 21, 2019 | 3 Min Read

In our most recent research, A Tale of Epic...
Photon Research Team Shines Light On Digital Risks

Photon Research Team Shines Light On Digital Risks

February 13, 2019 | 2 Min Read

I’m very excited to announce the launch of the...
SANS DFIR Cyber Threat Intelligence Summit 2019 – Extracting More Value from Your CTI Program

SANS DFIR Cyber Threat Intelligence Summit 2019 – Extracting More Value from Your CTI Program

February 5, 2019 | 7 Min Read

We were fortunate to attend the 2019 SANS DFIR...
Security Practitioner’s Guide to Email Spoofing and Risk Reduction

Security Practitioner’s Guide to Email Spoofing and Risk Reduction

January 24, 2019 | 13 Min Read

In our previous extended blog, Tackling Phishing:...
Powering Investigations with Nuix Software: The Case of thedarkoverlord and the 9/11 Files

Powering Investigations with Nuix Software: The Case of thedarkoverlord and the 9/11 Files

January 22, 2019 | 6 Min Read

The Panama Papers in 2016 highlighted the...
Thedarkoverlord runs out of Steem

Thedarkoverlord runs out of Steem

January 16, 2019 | 6 Min Read

On 31 December 2018, the notorious extortion...
TV License and Vehicle Tax Fraud: New Year, Same Old Scams

TV License and Vehicle Tax Fraud: New Year, Same Old Scams

January 8, 2019 | 4 Min Read

Over the last week we’ve been tracking several...
Cyber Threats to Watch in 2019: Key Takeaways from our webinar with the FBI Cyber Squad

Cyber Threats to Watch in 2019: Key Takeaways from our webinar with the FBI Cyber Squad

December 20, 2018 | 5 Min Read

As 2018 comes to a close, Digital Shadows...
Bomb Threat Emails: Extortion Gets Physical

Bomb Threat Emails: Extortion Gets Physical

December 14, 2018 | 4 Min Read

We’ve seen yet another change in tactics for...
Tackling Phishing: The Most Popular Phishing Techniques and What You Can Do About It

Tackling Phishing: The Most Popular Phishing Techniques and What You Can Do About It

December 12, 2018 | 8 Min Read

Overall, the infosec community has done a...
2019 Cyber Security Forecasts: Six Things on the Horizon

2019 Cyber Security Forecasts: Six Things on the Horizon

December 5, 2018 | 9 Min Read

The new year is upon us! 2018 brought us Spectre...
Threat Actors Use of Cobalt Strike: Why Defense is Offense’s Child

Threat Actors Use of Cobalt Strike: Why Defense is Offense’s Child

November 29, 2018 | 5 Min Read

I’m a big fan of the Cobalt Strike threat...
Mapping the ASD Essential 8 to the Mitre ATT&CK™ framework

Mapping the ASD Essential 8 to the Mitre ATT&CK™ framework

November 27, 2018 | 3 Min Read

Australian Signals Directorate Essential 8 The...
Black Friday and Cybercrime: Retail’s Frankenstein Monster

Black Friday and Cybercrime: Retail’s Frankenstein Monster

November 20, 2018 | 5 Min Read

With every year that passes, Black Friday seems...
Sextortion 2.0: A New Lure

Sextortion 2.0: A New Lure

November 20, 2018 | 4 Min Read

Back in September we released a blog about the...
A Look Back at the ENISA Cyber Threat Intelligence-EU Workshop 2018

A Look Back at the ENISA Cyber Threat Intelligence-EU Workshop 2018

November 13, 2018 | 5 Min Read

I recently attended the ENISA (European Union...
To Pay or Not to Pay: A Large Retailer Responds to DDoS Extortion

To Pay or Not to Pay: A Large Retailer Responds to DDoS Extortion

November 8, 2018 | 3 Min Read

Fans of The Sopranos or Goodfellas are...
81,000 Hacked Facebook Accounts for Sale: 5 Things to Know

81,000 Hacked Facebook Accounts for Sale: 5 Things to Know

November 2, 2018 | 5 Min Read

This morning, the British Broadcasting...
The Dark Web: Marketers’ Trick or Threat Intelligence Treat?

The Dark Web: Marketers’ Trick or Threat Intelligence Treat?

October 31, 2018 | 5 Min Read

At this time of the year, you can’t go anywhere...
Bank Discovers Customer Credit Card Numbers Traded Online

Bank Discovers Customer Credit Card Numbers Traded Online

October 23, 2018 | 3 Min Read

Payment card fraud costs banks and merchants...
12.5 Million Email Archives Exposed: Lowering the Barriers for BEC

12.5 Million Email Archives Exposed: Lowering the Barriers for BEC

October 18, 2018 | 4 Min Read

Digital Shadows’ latest research report, Pst!...
33,000 Accounting Inbox Credentials Exposed Online: BEC Made Easy

33,000 Accounting Inbox Credentials Exposed Online: BEC Made Easy

October 9, 2018 | 4 Min Read

Last week, I wrote about how cybercriminals are...
Business Email Compromise: When You Don’t Need to Phish

Business Email Compromise: When You Don’t Need to Phish

October 4, 2018 | 4 Min Read

According to the FBI, Business Email Compromise...
Cybercriminal Marketplaces: Olympus Has Fallen

Cybercriminal Marketplaces: Olympus Has Fallen

September 28, 2018 | 5 Min Read

The Olympus cybercriminal marketplace has been...
Thedarkoverlord Out to KickAss and Cash Out Their Data

Thedarkoverlord Out to KickAss and Cash Out Their Data

September 27, 2018 | 5 Min Read

A user claiming to be the notorious darkoverlord...
The 2017 FSB indictment and Mitre ATT&CK™

The 2017 FSB indictment and Mitre ATT&CK™

September 20, 2018 | 11 Min Read

On  February 28th, 2017 the US Department of...
Airline Discovers Trove of Frequent Flyer Accounts Compromised and Posted for Sale Online

Airline Discovers Trove of Frequent Flyer Accounts Compromised and Posted for Sale Online

September 14, 2018 | 3 Min Read

Reward program fraud has been rising in recent...
MITRE ATT&CK™ and the North Korean Regime-Backed Programmer

MITRE ATT&CK™ and the North Korean Regime-Backed Programmer

September 13, 2018 | 18 Min Read

On 6th September the US Department of Justice...
Sextortion – When Persistent Phishing Pays Off

Sextortion – When Persistent Phishing Pays Off

September 6, 2018 | 4 Min Read

You may have heard of a recent surge in...
Online Risks to Fortnite Users

Online Risks to Fortnite Users

September 4, 2018 | 5 Min Read

With an enticing array of viral dance moves,...
Online Cybercrime Courses: Back to School Season

Online Cybercrime Courses: Back to School Season

August 23, 2018 | 4 Min Read

It’s that time of year again. Summer is drawing...
Mitre ATT&CK™ and the FIN7 Indictment: Lessons for Organizations

Mitre ATT&CK™ and the FIN7 Indictment: Lessons for Organizations

August 22, 2018 | 12 Min Read

On August 1, 2018, the US Department of Justice...
Five Threats to Financial Services: Part Five, Hacktivism

Five Threats to Financial Services: Part Five, Hacktivism

August 15, 2018 | 5 Min Read

OK, so it’s not a sexy as insider threats,...
Five Threats to Financial Services: Part Four, Payment Card Fraud

Five Threats to Financial Services: Part Four, Payment Card Fraud

August 14, 2018 | 6 Min Read

Payment card information is the lifeblood of the...
Digital Shadows Contributes to Insider Threat Research

Digital Shadows Contributes to Insider Threat Research

August 9, 2018 | 5 Min Read

On July 30, Forrester published its latest...
Five Threats to Financial Services: Phishing Campaigns

Five Threats to Financial Services: Phishing Campaigns

August 8, 2018 | 7 Min Read

In our last blog, we highlighted how banking...
FIN7: Arrests and Developments

FIN7: Arrests and Developments

August 2, 2018 | 6 Min Read

Three alleged members of FIN7 arrested On August...
Security Spotlight Series: Dr. Richard Gold

Security Spotlight Series: Dr. Richard Gold

July 31, 2018 | 4 Min Read

Organizations rely on Digital Shadows to be an...
Cyber Threats to ERP Applications: Threat Landscape

Cyber Threats to ERP Applications: Threat Landscape

July 24, 2018 | 4 Min Read

What are ERP Applications? Organizations rely on...
Five Threats to Financial Services: Banking Trojans

Five Threats to Financial Services: Banking Trojans

July 19, 2018 | 5 Min Read

A couple of weeks ago, we learned about a new...
Mitre ATT&CK™ and the Mueller GRU Indictment: Lessons for Organizations

Mitre ATT&CK™ and the Mueller GRU Indictment: Lessons for Organizations

July 17, 2018 | 10 Min Read

A recent indictment revealed how the GRU...
Alleged Carbanak Files and Source Code Leaked: Digital Shadows’ Initial Findings

Alleged Carbanak Files and Source Code Leaked: Digital Shadows’ Initial Findings

July 11, 2018 | 6 Min Read

Digital Shadows’ Russian-speaking security team...
Security Analyst Spotlight Series: Harrison Van Riper

Security Analyst Spotlight Series: Harrison Van Riper

July 10, 2018 | 6 Min Read

Organizations rely on our cyber intelligence...
How Cybercriminals are Using Messaging Platforms

How Cybercriminals are Using Messaging Platforms

June 21, 2018 | 4 Min Read

Alternative Ways Criminals Transact Online: A...
Five Threats to Financial Services: Part One, Insiders

Five Threats to Financial Services: Part One, Insiders

June 19, 2018 | 5 Min Read

The sensitive and financial data held by banks...
Security Analyst Spotlight Series: Rafael Amado

Security Analyst Spotlight Series: Rafael Amado

June 14, 2018 | 9 Min Read

Organizations rely on Digital Shadows to be an...
How Cybercriminals are using Blockchain DNS: From the Market to the .Bazar

How Cybercriminals are using Blockchain DNS: From the Market to the .Bazar

June 12, 2018 | 5 Min Read

Since the takedowns of AlphaBay and Hansa in...
Threats to the 2018 Football World Cup: Traditional Rules or a New Style of Play?

Threats to the 2018 Football World Cup: Traditional Rules or a New Style of Play?

June 7, 2018 | 7 Min Read

The tension and excitement that precedes all...
Market.ms: Heir to the AlphaBay and Hansa throne?

Market.ms: Heir to the AlphaBay and Hansa throne?

June 4, 2018 | 5 Min Read

It’s almost one year since the AlphaBay and...
Keys to the Kingdom: Exposed Security Assessments

Keys to the Kingdom: Exposed Security Assessments

April 24, 2018 | 4 Min Read

Organizations employ external consultants and...
Out In The Open: Corporate Secrets Exposed Through Misconfigured Services

Out In The Open: Corporate Secrets Exposed Through Misconfigured Services

April 18, 2018 | 4 Min Read

For organizations dealing with proprietary...
When There’s No Need to Hack: Exposed Personal Information

When There’s No Need to Hack: Exposed Personal Information

April 17, 2018 | 4 Min Read

With Equifax‘s breach of 145 million records...
Escalation in Cyberspace: Not as Deniable as We All Seem to Think?

Escalation in Cyberspace: Not as Deniable as We All Seem to Think?

April 12, 2018 | 5 Min Read

The recent assassination attempt on former...
Leveraging the 2018 Verizon Data Breach Investigations Report

Leveraging the 2018 Verizon Data Breach Investigations Report

April 10, 2018 | 5 Min Read

Today, the 11th edition of the Verizon Data...
When Sharing Is Not Caring: Over 1.5 Billion Files Exposed Through Misconfigured Services

When Sharing Is Not Caring: Over 1.5 Billion Files Exposed Through Misconfigured Services

April 5, 2018 | 4 Min Read

Our recent report “Too Much Information”,...
Genesis Botnet: The Market Claiming to Sell Bots That Bypass Fingerprinting Controls

Genesis Botnet: The Market Claiming to Sell Bots That Bypass Fingerprinting Controls

April 3, 2018 | 4 Min Read

An emerging criminal market, Genesis store,...
The Five Families: The Most Wanted Ransomware Groups

The Five Families: The Most Wanted Ransomware Groups

March 27, 2018 | 5 Min Read

Last week we presented a webinar on “Emerging...
Pop-up Twitter Bots: The Shift to Opportunistic Targeting

Pop-up Twitter Bots: The Shift to Opportunistic Targeting

March 22, 2018 | 4 Min Read

Since the furor surrounding Russia’s alleged...
Cyber Security as Public Health

Cyber Security as Public Health

March 21, 2018 | 4 Min Read

Public health, one of the great 20th century...
Anonymous and the New Face of Hacktivism: What to Look Out For in 2018

Anonymous and the New Face of Hacktivism: What to Look Out For in 2018

March 13, 2018 | 6 Min Read

The Anonymous collective has been the face of...
It’s Accrual World: Tax Return Fraud in 2018

It’s Accrual World: Tax Return Fraud in 2018

March 7, 2018 | 5 Min Read

With just over a month until Tax Deadline Day,...
The New Frontier: Forecasting Cryptocurrency Fraud

The New Frontier: Forecasting Cryptocurrency Fraud

March 1, 2018 | 6 Min Read

Not a week goes by without a new case of...
Threats to the Upcoming Italian Elections

Threats to the Upcoming Italian Elections

February 22, 2018 | 7 Min Read

On 5 March Italian citizens will vanno alle urne...
Prioritize to Avoid Security Nihilism

Prioritize to Avoid Security Nihilism

February 20, 2018 | 3 Min Read

In many situations associated with cyber...
Infraud Forum Indictment and Arrests: What it Means

Infraud Forum Indictment and Arrests: What it Means

February 15, 2018 | 7 Min Read

On 07 February 2018, the U.S. Department of...
Cryptojacking: An Overview

Cryptojacking: An Overview

February 13, 2018 | 5 Min Read

What is Cryptojacking? Cryptojacking is the...
2017 Android malware in review: 4 key takeaways

2017 Android malware in review: 4 key takeaways

February 8, 2018 | 4 Min Read

Android mobile devices were an attractive target...
Phishing for Gold: Threats to the 2018 Winter Games

Phishing for Gold: Threats to the 2018 Winter Games

February 6, 2018 | 7 Min Read

Digital Shadows has been monitoring major...
Four Ways Criminals Are Exploiting Interest in Initial Coin Offerings

Four Ways Criminals Are Exploiting Interest in Initial Coin Offerings

February 1, 2018 | 5 Min Read

Initial Coin Offerings (ICOs) are a way of...
Another Year Wiser: Key Dates to Look Out For In 2018

Another Year Wiser: Key Dates to Look Out For In 2018

January 10, 2018 | 4 Min Read

Early last year, we published a blog outlining...
Meltdown and Spectre: The Story So Far

Meltdown and Spectre: The Story So Far

January 4, 2018 | 5 Min Read

On Wednesday, rumors surfaced that there were...
Cybercriminal Christmas Wish List

What Attackers Want for Christmas

December 22, 2017 | 4 Min Read

Our guest author Krampus has a special blog post...
online carding bots

OL1MP: A Telegram Bot Making Carding Made Easy This Holiday Season

December 21, 2017 | 3 Min Read

Back in July, we published our research on the...
‘Tis The Season To Do Predictions – The 2018 Cybersecurity Landscape

‘Tis The Season To Do Predictions – The 2018 Cybersecurity Landscape

December 18, 2017 | 3 Min Read

This post originally appeared on Huffington...
Risks to Retail: Cybercriminals Sharing the Joy This Holiday Season

Risks to Retail: Cybercriminals Sharing the Joy This Holiday Season

November 21, 2017 | 3 Min Read

Despite some early deals, Black Friday officially...
Fake News is More Than a Political Battlecry

Fake News is More Than a Political Battlecry

November 16, 2017 | 3 Min Read

This week, British Prime Minister Theresa May...
Why “Have a Safe Trip” Is Taking On Greater Meaning

Why “Have a Safe Trip” Is Taking On Greater Meaning

November 14, 2017 | 5 Min Read

This post originally appeared...
OPCATALUNYA

Pwnage to Catalonia: Five Things We Know About OpCatalunya

November 2, 2017 | 5 Min Read

Since October 24th, Digital Shadows has observed...
ICS Security Cyber Aware

ICS Security: Strawmen In the Power Station

October 31, 2017 | 5 Min Read

Congrats, it is now almost November and we have...
cyber extortion

Extorters Going to Extort: This Time Other Criminals Are the Victims

October 26, 2017 | 3 Min Read

We are increasingly used to the tactic of...
cyber vulnerabilities

Trust vs Access: A Tale of Two Vulnerability Classes

October 20, 2017 | 5 Min Read

It's been a big week in cyberspace, with high...
krack attacks

Key Reinstallation Attacks (KRACK): The Impact So Far

October 16, 2017 | 4 Min Read

Today, a series of high-severity vulnerabilities...
german election threats

Bringing Down the Wahl: Three Threats to the German Federal Election

September 14, 2017 | 7 Min Read

Hacking has become the boogie man of political...
Exploit Kits

Fluctuation in the Exploit Kit Market – Temporary Blip or Long-Term Trend?

August 16, 2017 | 5 Min Read

Exploit kit activity is waning. Collectively...
Criminal Markets Alpha Bay Hansa

Cybercrime Finds a Way, the Limited Impact of AlphaBay and Hansa’s Demise

August 7, 2017 | 5 Min Read

The law enforcement operations that took down the...
Texting SMS Cyber Threats

Reading Your Texts For Fun and Profit – How Criminals Subvert SMS-Based MFA

August 1, 2017 | 4 Min Read

Why Multi Factor? Read almost any cyber security...
Credit Card Fraud

Fraudsters Scoring Big – an Inside Look at the Carding Ecosystem

July 18, 2017 | 3 Min Read

In season two of the Netflix series Narcos, Pablo...
Criminal Market Place Bitcoin Virtual Currency

The Future of Marketplaces: Forecasting the Decentralized Model

July 17, 2017 | 4 Min Read

Last week we wrote about the disappearance of...
exploit kit

Petya-Like Wormable Malware: The “Who” and the “Why”

June 30, 2017 | 7 Min Read

Late on 27 June, the New York Times reported that...
Cyber Criminal Attack Vectors

Keep Your Eyes on the Prize: Attack Vectors are Important But Don’t Ignore Attacker Goals

June 23, 2017 | 5 Min Read

Reporting on intrusions or attacks often dwells...
Dark Web Cyber Crime

Threats From the Dark Web

June 26, 2017 | 5 Min Read

Despite the hype associated with the dark web,...
Account Takeover Credential Stuffing

7 Tips for Protecting Against Account Takeovers

May 22, 2017 | 3 Min Read

In May 2017, an amalgamation of over 1 billion...
WannaCry Ransomware

5 Lessons from WannaCry: Preventing Attacks with Security Engineering

May 16, 2017 | 5 Min Read

With the recent news storm concerning the...
WannaCry Ransomware

WannaCry: The Early 2000s Called, They Want Their Worms Back

May 12, 2017 | 3 Min Read

Earlier today it was revealed that the United...
Threat Actors Cyber Criminals

The Usual Suspects: Understanding the Nuances of Actors’ Motivations and Capabilities

April 21, 2017 | 3 Min Read

When it comes to their adversaries, organizations...
French Election Cyber Threats

Liberté, égalité, securité: 4 Threats to the French Presidential Election

April 20, 2017 | 5 Min Read

French citizens will take to the polls on April...
OpIsrael

OpIsrael Hacktivists Targeted By Unknown Threat Actor

March 30, 2017 | 3 Min Read

Ideologically-motivated “hacktivist” actors...
Turk Hack

Turk Hack Team and the “Netherlands Operation”

March 29, 2017 | 4 Min Read

Since mid-March, Turk Hack Team have been...
Tax Fraud

Tax Fraud in 2017

March 27, 2017 | 4 Min Read

The IRS recently released an alert that warned...
Dutch Flag

Dutch Elections – Looking Back at Cyber Activity

March 21, 2017 | 3 Min Read

Last week, I wrote about the potential threats to...
Dutch Elections Red Pencil

Back to the red pencil – Cyber threats to the Dutch elections

March 13, 2017 | 5 Min Read

Over the weekend, media reports surfaced about...
Financial Threats

Learning from the Top Threats Financial Services Faced in 2016

March 8, 2017 | 2 Min Read

Organizations operating within the financial...
Blaze Exploit Kit

New “Blaze” exploit kit claims to exploit recent Cisco WebEx vulnerability

March 2, 2017 | 4 Min Read

A previously undetected exploit kit has been...
Sunset Stock

Sun to Set on BEPS/Sundown Exploit Kit?

February 22, 2017 | 4 Min Read

On February 13, 2017, the security researcher...
Valentines Day

Four Things to Look Out for This Valentine’s Day

February 14, 2017 | 4 Min Read

Consumers are increasingly moving to the Internet...
Malware Taylor Swift

An unusually Swift(tay) malware delivery tactic

February 9, 2017 | 5 Min Read

While doing some background research into recent...
Mongo DB

How the Frenzy Unfolded: Analyzing Various Mongo Extortion Campaigns

February 7, 2017 | 4 Min Read

The MongoDB “ransom” pandemic, which has been...
Super Bowl 2017

Ready for the Blitz: Assessing the Threats to Super Bowl LI

February 2, 2017 | 4 Min Read

Like any major event, Super Bowl LI brings with...
ATM Malware

Making Cents of ATM Malware Campaigns – Comparing and Contrasting Operational Methodologies

January 30, 2017 | 4 Min Read

Throughout 2016 some of the most notable...
Two Factor Authentication

Dial “M” for malware: Two-factor scamming

January 26, 2017 | 4 Min Read

Adversaries are developing new ways of attacking...
Ripper cc

Innovation in The Underworld: Reducing the Risk of Ripper Fraud

January 23, 2017 | 7 Min Read

Reputation is incredibly important for business....
Calendar Threats for 2017

Known Unknowns: Key Events to Keep Your Eyes Out for in 2017

January 19, 2017 | 3 Min Read

On Friday, millions will tune in to see Donald...
Keyboard

All You Can Delete MongoDB Buffet

January 12, 2017 | 4 Min Read

A number of extortion actors were detected...
Website

10 Ways You Can Prepare for DDoS Attacks in 2017

January 11, 2017 | 1 Min Read

At the end of last month, we published a paper...
Anonymous Hacktivist

Mirai: A Turning Point For Hacktivism?

December 16, 2016 | 5 Min Read

A “digital nuclear attack”. A “zombie...
Trojan

Coming to a Country Near You? The Rapid Development of The TrickBot Trojan

December 16, 2016 | 4 Min Read

Since the discovery of TrickBot in September...
DDoS Extortion

Crowdsourced DDoS Extortion – A Worrying Development?

December 13, 2016 | 3 Min Read

We all know about DDoS extortion – the process...
Chess Game

A Model of Success: Anticipating Your Attackers’ Moves

December 1, 2016 | 4 Min Read

In a previous blog, we discussed the role of...
Retail Cyber Threats

Windows Shopping: 7 Threats To Look Out For This Holiday Season

November 23, 2016 | 5 Min Read

Thanksgiving, Black Friday, Cyber Monday,...
Ransomware as a service

Ransomware-as-a-service: The Business Case

November 22, 2016 | 4 Min Read

It can be tempting to dismiss cybercriminal...
Media and Broadcasting Threats

Top 5 Threats to the Media and Broadcasting Industry

November 11, 2016 | 3 Min Read

For media and broadcasting organizations, the...
Code

Surveying the Criminal Market

November 8, 2016 | 3 Min Read

It’s no secret your personal information and...
Anonymous Poland

Anonymous Poland – Not Your Typical Hacktivist Group

October 28, 2016 | 4 Min Read

On October 29, 2016 a Twitter account associated...
Device Security

Don’t Break the Internet, Fix Your Smart Devices

October 25, 2016 | 4 Min Read

The Distributed Denial of Service (DDoS) attack,...
American Election Threats

Rocking the Vote? The Effects of Cyber Activity On The U.S. Election

October 25, 2016 | 5 Min Read

Contrary to some media reporting, our latest...
US Polling Data

Targeting of Elections; Old News, Fresh Tactics

October 25, 2016 | 4 Min Read

There has been no shortage of media coverage...
Domain Squatting

Squashing Domain Squatting

October 24, 2016 | 6 Min Read

Digital Shadows was recently the victim of a...
Combatting Online Crime With “Needle-Rich Haystacks”

Combatting Online Crime With “Needle-Rich Haystacks”

October 18, 2016 | 3 Min Read

At Digital Shadows our analyst team is...
Plumbing the Depths: the Telnet protocol

Plumbing the Depths: the Telnet protocol

October 3, 2016 | 4 Min Read

On October 1, 2016 Krebs on Security reported...
Exploit kit

Swotting Up On Exploit Kit Infection Vectors

October 3, 2016 | 3 Min Read

Exploit kit users need to drive web traffic to...
Phishful Of Dollars: BEC Remains Top Of The Charts

Phishful Of Dollars: BEC Remains Top Of The Charts

October 3, 2016 | 3 Min Read

Business email compromise (BEC) is not going...
exploit kit

Forecasting the exploit kit landscape

September 15, 2016 | 5 Min Read

We’ve previously written on the most popular...
exploit kit

Understanding Exploit Kits’ Most Popular Vulnerabilities

September 12, 2016 | 2 Min Read

One significant aspect of mitigating the risk...
OpSilence

Hacktivism, it’s not all DoSing around

September 12, 2016 | 4 Min Read

Hacktivism isn’t all high levels of low impact...
SCADA hacks

Show me the context: The hacking proof of concept

September 8, 2016 | 2 Min Read

A common feature at security conferences,...
DD4BC

Bozkurt to Buhtrap: Cyber threats affecting financial institutions in 1H 2016

August 23, 2016 | 3 Min Read

At the beginning of 2016, it was reported that...
OpOlympicHacking

Forecasting OpOlympicHacking

August 15, 2016 | 3 Min Read

We recently published a report on the eight...
thedarkoverlord

“Air cover” – cybercriminal marketing and the media

August 10, 2016 | 3 Min Read

For a new or relatively unknown cybercriminal...
Photo URL

Overexposure – photos as the missing link

August 3, 2016 | 3 Min Read

You have heard it all before ­– recycling...
OpOlympicHacking

More Data Leaks as part of OpOlympicHacking

July 28, 2016 | 2 Min Read

In our recent research, we demonstrated eight...
Anonymous Brasil

Tracking the Field: Eight cybersecurity considerations around Rio 2016

July 25, 2016 | 2 Min Read

Last week, we saw reports of individuals arrested...
PoodleCorp

PoodleCorp: in the business of kudos

July 22, 2016 | 5 Min Read

PoodleCorp claimed to have successfully rendered...
DDoS

Three Tactics Behind Cyber Extortion

July 11, 2016 | 3 Min Read

As explained in a previous blog, extortion is not...
Dridex

Modern crimeware campaigns – two bytes of the cherry

July 5, 2016 | 3 Min Read

To a Columbian drug lord, the most valuable...
SHA1

Recycling, bad for your environment!

June 27, 2016 | 4 Min Read

The news is constantly flooded with yet another...
Silk Road

The philosophical difference between the Old and New Schools of the cybercriminal underground

June 27, 2016 | 3 Min Read

I would recommend that anyone interested in the...
EU

Forecasting the implications for cybersecurity in Britain after Thursday’s referendum

June 21, 2016 | 4 Min Read

On Thursday, the United Kingdom goes to the polls...
dark web

Shining a light on the dark web

June 21, 2016 | 3 Min Read

The dark web receives more than its fair share of...
OPSEC

OPSEC versus branding – the cyber criminal’s dilemma

June 17, 2016 | 3 Min Read

Like any business, cybercriminals offering...
TeamViewer

“Hidden” TeamViewer service advertised on criminal forum

June 17, 2016 | 5 Min Read

Over the last few weeks, there have been a number...
Cyber extortion

Your money or your data: Keeping up-to-date with the innovation

June 17, 2016 | 2 Min Read

DDoS extortion and ransomware attacks have...
Business email compromises

Are you at risk from business email compromise?

June 6, 2016 | 3 Min Read

Business email compromises (BEC) are on the rise....
OpOlympicHacking

Hacktivism: same old, same old?

June 3, 2016 | 4 Min Read

Cyber activists, or hacktivists, have become a...
OPSEC

The OPSEC Opportunity

May 31, 2016 | 2 Min Read

Operations Security (OPSEC) has long been a key...
Advanced Persistent Threat

The Plan is Mightier than the Sword – Re(sources)

May 24, 2016 | 3 Min Read

After having discussed the importance of planning...
OpIcarus

OpIcarus – Increased Claims Against Financial Institutions

May 23, 2016 | 3 Min Read

There’s no shortage of online hacktivist...
Goliath malware

Goliath ransomware, giant problem or giant con?

May 17, 2016 | 3 Min Read

Ransomware can cause big problems for individuals...
DBIR

Analyzing the 2016 Verizon Data Breach Investigations Report

May 2, 2016 | 4 Min Read

Last week Verizon released the 2016 Data Breach...
OpIsrael

OpIsrael: An Update

April 6, 2016 | 3 Min Read

Last month our intelligence team published a blog...
Email Compromise

URGENT, ACT. RQD: Navigating Business Email Compromise

April 4, 2016 | 3 Min Read

Call me phishmail. Whaling ­– also known as...
dark web

Dark web: More than just a bastion of criminality

March 31, 2016 | 3 Min Read

For many people, the term “dark web” refers...
Automated Vending Carts

Online credit card shops – a numbers game

March 21, 2016 | 3 Min Read

You may have recently read headlines about an...
ASOR Hack Team

OpOlympicHacking: A hurdle for Rio’s sponsors to vault

February 22, 2016 | 3 Min Read

This month Anonymous Brazil and an affiliate...
bitcoin

Why Go Through the Trouble to Tumble?

February 17, 2016 | 3 Min Read

Today you can purchase a pizza in Berlin and pay...
PoS system

Surviving the threats posed by PoS malware

February 2, 2016 | 3 Min Read

These days, you can’t go into a store or mall...
Israeli Cyber Attack

“Largest cyber attack” on Israel lacks power

February 1, 2016 | 3 Min Read

On 26 January, Yuval Steinitz, the Israeli...
OpKillngBay

Escalation in OpKillingBay

January 25, 2016 | 3 Min Read

There has been a noticeable recent increase in...
web hosting

Criminal services – Bulletproof hosting

January 21, 2016 | 2 Min Read

Cybercrime can be a lucrative business if you do...
DD4BC

DD4BC Arrests: What Now for Extortion?

January 15, 2016 | 3 Min Read

Earlier this week, Europol published a press...
exploit kits

A Complex Threat Landscape

January 13, 2016 | 2 Min Read

Achieving a better understanding of the threat...
Remote Access Trojan

RATs: Invasion of Your Privacy

January 11, 2016 | 2 Min Read

When most people hear the word “RAT” they...
cryptocurrencies

Digital Currency and Getting Paid In The Underground

January 6, 2016 | 3 Min Read

It’s been said that money makes the world go...
Malware

Criminal Services – Crypting

December 18, 2015 | 3 Min Read

In the world of cybercrime, malicious software...
Hacker Buba

‘Hacker Buba’: Failed extortion, what next?

December 11, 2015 | 2 Min Read

An actor identifying itself as "Hacker Buba"...
Antivirus

Criminal Services – Counter Antivirus Services

November 30, 2015 | 4 Min Read

Infosecurity Magazine recently reported that two...
Crackas with attitude

Crackas With Attitude: What We’ve Learned

November 23, 2015 | 3 Min Read

One of the most active actors of the past several...
MitM

The Way of Hacking

November 10, 2015 | 3 Min Read

In the Japanese martial art of Aikido it is said...
ransomware

Emerging Markets: Online Extortion Matures via DDoS Attacks

November 9, 2015 | 5 Min Read

Unlike scenes from books or movies where shadowy...
crackas with attitude

Crackas With Attitude strike again?

October 28, 2015 | 2 Min Read

Last week, the New York Post reported that...
DDoS

Smilex: Dangers of Poor OpSec

October 27, 2015 | 3 Min Read

Background On 13 Oct 2015, it was revealed in an...
online carding

Online Carding

October 7, 2015 | 3 Min Read

There is no shortage of credit card information...
OPSEC

OPSEC and Trust In An Underground Cybercriminal Forum

September 9, 2015 | 4 Min Read

Introduction There are perhaps tens of thousands...
ransomware

Emerging Markets & Services: Ransomware-as-a-Service

September 7, 2015 | 5 Min Read

Emerging Markets & Services:...
duqu 2.0

Kaspersky Labs Discloses Duqu 2.0 Attack

September 7, 2015 | 4 Min Read

Introduction Today social media channels the...
Extortion

Online Extortion – Old Ways, New Tricks

September 7, 2015 | 6 Min Read

Online Extortion - Old Ways, New...
cyber extortion

Exploiting Is My Business…and Business Is Good

September 4, 2015 | 8 Min Read

Introduction Exploit kits are not new to the...